Knowledge Related to Timeline of Romani History

The Romani people have long been a part of the collective mythology of the West, where they were (and very often still are) depicted as outsiders, aliens, and a threat. For centuries they were enslaved in Eastern Europe and hunted in Western Europe: the Poajmos, Hitler's attempt at genocide, was one violent link in a chain of persecution that encompassed countries generally considered more tolerant of minorities, such as the United Kingdom and Denmark. Even today, while there is a surge of Romani self-identification and pride, restrictive measures are being debated and passed by democratic states to curb the rights of the Romani people.

It is generally thought that the Romanies, because they had no written language until relatively recently, have origins obscured by some mythical past. Although there are many unanswered questions, much more is known about the Romanies than is assumed. The greater problem in attempting a comprehensive history of the Romanies is their distribution, not only throughout Europe, but also in the Middle East and the Americas. In each region, Romani history diverged, depending on the attitudes of the host population. For instance, although slavery and serfdom are key themes in the history of Romani in the Eastern Europe, other forms of persecution, including early forms of genocide, are preponderant in Western Europe.

What is not often considered is how the implications of this shatter traditional myths about the Romanies. For example, Romanies are considered to be nomadic, which was largely true in Western Europe; however, the fact that they were slaves and serfs in the Balkans since at least the 15th century (and until the late 19th century) implies that they were settled. In other words, their actual status in Romania contradicts the mythological associations of Romanies with nomadism prevalent (and not without basis) in Britain.

• Other Related Knowledge of History

Operational history of steam explosion

The first shipment of carcasses was intercepted by the Germans, and the SOE plan was dropped. The Germans exhibited the rats at top military schools and conducted searches for further exploding rats. The SOE concluded: "The trouble caused to them was a much greater success to us than if the rats had actually been used.

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Today of history of fishing

The castle is privately owned. It is associated with Paul Torday, the author of the novel Salmon Fishing in the Yemen, which was made into a popular film. He lived there with his second wife Penelope (ne Taylor), who inherited the estate, and reportedly did much to help manage it.

The grounds are open to the public but the Castle is open to the public only in June.

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Track listingRelease history of uncut

NotesOn the vinyl version of the album, the black disc (containing the 11 album tracks) should be played at 33 RPM, whereas the orange disc, with bonus track "2007..." on it, should be played at 45 RPM

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Plot of History

A search, a journey, a life's dream fulfilled. Seventy-seven-year-old Holocaust survivor Alice Zuckerman never gave up hope she would find her family, lost after the Second World War. When scribbled notes on torn paper reveal clues to her past, Alice and her family reunite. Alice takes us on a moving journey through old Eastern Europe, a world that seemingly disappeared through Nazism and communism. Yet the world of Alice's childhood remains vital in the hearts of the people she meets along the way.

The documentary runs 43 minutes, and is produced by Willow Productions.

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Description and history of water features

Described as a "Columbia River interactive art installation", the $3.5 million project was designed by artist Larry Kirkland. It features a 12-foot (3.7m) stone and bronze structure called Headwaters (or sometimes the Headwaters Wall) which has a cast bronze bas relief map of the Columbia Basin on the east side. The opposite side has an "engraved stone with a topographical map of the Columbia's origins", down which water falls into a shallow wading pool. According to KOIN, "one-inch-deep 'river' flows 150 feet along a molded riverbed dotted with stacks of granite representing each of the Columbia's tributaries". In September, The Columbian reported on the "unsightly" white deposits left by water. The water feature is maintained by the Vancouver Parks and Recreation Department.

Water feature

Headwaters and start of "river"

East side of Headwaters

Inscriptions

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Language, education, and culture of history of fishing

In 1945, Richard Man-Cham, the father of future Prime Minister James Mancham, requested government permission to open a Chinese school. The government responded coldly to the idea. Formal Chinese language education would not be established in Seychelles until 2007, when the People's Republic of China sent a teacher to work with the adult and distance education department of Seychelles' Ministry of Education. Today, most Sino-Seychellois do not speak Chinese, though they may understand it.

Sino-Seychellois are largely Christian. There are only two Buddhist pagodas in the Seychelles, both on Mah.

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Later history of summer house

There may have been a brief abandonment of the site in the very late 2nd century, but occupation quickly resumed, with the erection of a new cookhouse, and continued until at least the late 4th century. The north-east quarter of the site is now occupied by the 14th-century parish church of St Mary and its churchyard

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Classification history of energy policy

Cycling first became a Paralympic sport at the 1988 Summer Paralympics. In September 2006, governance for para-cycling passed from the International Paralympic Committee's International Cycling Committee to UCI at a meeting in Switzerland. When this happened, the responsibility of classifying the sport also changed.

.

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Buildings of punjab history

The school has remained on its original site. It originally consisted of two blocks, the present day main block and the gymnasium block, which now is a meeting room. The design and features of the two blocks are typical of colonial era structures and bear some similarities with the railway station and Sultan Abdul Samad buildings, both of which have Moorish architecture. The school was later extended to a block of solid masonry construction with arched openings along the corridors. There is a veranda on both sides of each storey of the main block, high ceilings and broad stairways. The 'H' shape of the main block is locally a distinctive feature. The school since have expanded, and now the school has two additional main blocks. The first of which are located behind the original 1917 block, housing most of the classrooms and laboratories, and a new 6-storey tower that houses most of the Form Sixth classrooms and the school library

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Etymology and history of tower castle

The name comes from a reference to the river Liffey in Norman-French, Rives. Reeves was a disjoined section of the nearby parish of Clonaghlins situated in the nearby medieval parish of Castledillon

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Cast of History

Big Finish has intentionally left the cast ambiguous by not listing character names aside the actors' as the story utilizes the voice cast in an interesting way. This was done for added suspense.

Paul McGann

India Fisher

Conrad Westmaas

Sean Carlsen

Jane Hills

Geoffrey Searle

Alison Sterling

Ben Summers

Wink Taylor

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Construction history of russian railways

There were plans to construct the Orenburg-Tashkent line as early as 1874. Construction work did not start, however, until the autumn of 1900. The railway was simultaneously built from both ends toward a common junction. It opened in January 1906, linking the existing network of Russian and European railways to the Trans-Caspian Railway.

On January 1, 1905, the Kinel - Orenburg section of the Samara-Zlatoust line was joined to the Tashkent railway.

The Kinel-Tashkent Railway was the first line to be built across the steppe, replacing the multiple routes once used by caravans with a single, steel path. It introduced the Kazakhs to industrial modernity and tied the distant Governor-Generalship of Turkestan more firmly to the Russian metropole, allowing troops to be rushed to Central Asia and raw cotton to be exported to Moscows textile mills.

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Publication history of bookstores

The first edition was published in hardcover in 1952 by Knopf. The volume price was raised to $3.00 (over $20.00 in 2008 USD). The price had been unchanged since the increase on Freddy the Magician in 1947, when the price was the equivalent of more than $19.00 in 2008 USD. With the increase, the Freddy books were now effectively the same price as when the first volumes appeared in 1927. A new edition was distributed by Random House in 1986. The book was republished in 1999 by the Overlook Press. The book was republished in 2001 by Puffin Books, with the endpapers as an internal black and white illustration, and with a modified cover including 1/4inch more of the bottom of Wiese's illustration than other editions. The book was republished in 2005 by Duckworth. An audio version read by John McDonough, running five hours on CD and cassette, is available from Recorded Books

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Tourism of history of fishing

The area is known for scenic coastal views, whale watching, the Great Otway National Park, and surfing. Although koala populations have declined across the country, Kennett River is still considered one of the best places in Australia to see them in the wild. The Victoria State Government has implemented plans in the Cape Otway area to manage the koala population and improve their health, though some of the actions taken have been controversial.

The area is also home to a variety of birds, including cockatoos, parrots, rosellas, owls, and kookaburras, and to glow-worms.

Kennett River has a Surf Lifesaving Club (SLSC) that was established in 1963.

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Social history

Fairburn, Miles. The Ideal Society and Its Enemies: The Foundations of Modern New Zealand Society, 18501900 (1989)

Ryan, Greg. "Drink and the Historians: Sober Reflections on Alcohol in New Zealand 18401914," New Zealand Journal of History (2010) 44#1 pp 3553. Examines drinking patterns, why men drank, whether drinking was excessive compared to other countries, how drinking behaviour evolved, and the social role of brewers and the pub owners.

Ryan, Greg. The Making of New Zealand Cricket: 18321914 (2004) excerpt and text search

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History of the Society of government interest

The Guernsey Society was formed in 1943 to represent the interests of the island to the British Government during the German Occupation, and to establish a network for Guernsey evacuees in the United Kingdom.

The Society was the idea of three Guernseymen based in London: Sir Donald Banks, Air Commodore Henry Le Marchant Brock and Colonel Guy Durand Ozanne. Banks became the first Chairman, and Brock became the first Secretary. Other notable founder members included: actor Barry Jones, Professor John Le Patourel, Sir William Arnold and Professor Herbert Fleure.

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Electoral history of mp & mla

Atkinson had been returned unopposed at the 1931 general election, when the local Liberals decided not to field a candidate as both parties were supporting the National Government. Prior to that, Altrincham had regularly changed hands between the Conservatives and the Liberals. The contests were close apart from those occasions when a Labour candidate stood, resulting in the Conservatives winning easily, such as at the last contested election in 1929;

Altrincham was a constituency with an electorate that was growing quickly; between 1929 and 1931, over 6,000 additional people had been added to the register and in the two years since 1931 a further 2,000 had been added.

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History and profile of Safer

Las Provincias was first published in January 1886. The paper is part of the Vocento Group and is published by Federico Domenech SA. The daily is based in Valencia and has six local editions published in La Ribera, Camp de Morvedre, La Costera, La Safor, La Marina and Castellon. Its sister newspapers include ABC, El Correo Espaol, El Diario Vasco and La Verdad, all of which are part of the Vocento Group.

Las Provincias has a right-wing political stance. In the 1960s the paper opposed the attempts of intellectuals to revive the culture and language of the region.

The paper has a supplement, namely XL Semanal.

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Format of History

The test has 90 multiple choice questions that are to be answered in one hour. All questions have five answer choices. Students' scores are based entirely on their performance in answering the multiple choice questions.

The questions cover a broad range of topics. Approximately 3135% of questions focus on political history, 1317% focus on economic history, 2024% focus on social history, 1317% focus on intellectual and cultural history, and 1317% focus on foreign policy.

The questions also vary with respect to time period; approximately 20% focus on period of the Pre-Columbian era to 1789, 40% focus on the period between 1790 and 1898, and 40% focus on the period between 1899 and the present day.

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Baltimore club dancing history of b&p cartridges

Baltimore club dancing works in tandem with Baltimore club music. This wild-legged dance style is native to Baltimore and the dance culture offers the city's youth a platform for self-expression and an alternative to the treacherous realities of life in the streets

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Demography of history of fishing

The population is predominantly Balochis in Pasni. These Baloch clans include: Kalmati, Bizanjo, etc. who belong to traditional ruling communities and currently, tend to dominate land ownership and the fishing industry. Pasni also has some other tribes such as Barr, Mullahzai, Jadgaal, Wadaila people living in this small town, but the working classes have traditionally comprised Medh, Darzada, Puxh, Maqsoodi and Naqeeb, some of whom are groups that were historically slaves of the ruling families. People of East African ancestry commonly known as Koweeg or 'sheedis' can also be found in Pasni in small numbers; this African lineage is found at low frequency in the rest of Makran, as well as Karachi. 'Sheedis' are mostly descended from female slaves brought in as concubines in the early 19th century, when slave trade flourished under Omani Sultans whose suzerainty extended over Gwadar till 1958. .

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Things You May Want to Know About History of Paper
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The altarpiece was manufactured on Gotland at the beginning of the 16th century. The triumphal cross is older, from the end of the 13th century, and is still in the Romanesque tradition. The choir benches, lastly, date from the 14th century. The baptismal font and the unusual pulpit are both from the second half of the 17th century, and Baroque in style.------Wiltshire Victoria County History Committee (19472014) of tax preparationThe committee was established in 1947. It did not control the day-to-day work of the staff (who were initially employed by the University of London and later by the University of the West of England), but from the early days of the Wiltshire County History project the committee was responsible for ensuring that funding was available for staff salaries and other expenses, offices provided, and suitable projects undertaken. The members of the Committee represented the main financial contributors to the project (initially these were Wiltshire County Council and other local authorities in Wiltshire, and by 2009 Wiltshire Council and the University of the West of England), and also the Central Committee of the Victoria County History, the University of Winchester, the Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society and the Wiltshire Local History Forum. The Lord Lieutenant of Wiltshire, as Custos rotulorum, was also an honorary member of the Committee.The Committee was wound up in 2014 after all major contributors had withdrawn their funding for the Wiltshire VCH, so that there were no longer any partners to be represented. At that point, the project was handed over to the Wiltshire VCH Trust, with support from the national organisation of the Victoria County History.Chairmen of the CommitteeWilliam Robert Robins OBE (19471959)J. L. Calderwood CBE (19591960)S. V. 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Hentz named the species Attus sexpunctatus and described it as follows:"Black; cephalothorax with the two posterior eyes near the base, which is wide and suddenly inclined at nearly a right angle with the upper surface, cheliceres with a strong inner tooth, and a long, curved fang; abdomen with six dots, and a line in front, white; feet, 1. 4. 2. 3., first pair with enlarged thighs and quite long."Hentz classified A.sexpunctatus in the subgeneric group Pugnatoriae, which consisted of jumping spiders whose first pair of legs were the longest, followed by the fourth pair. Later entomologists abandoned this classification, which Hentz himself admitted was "somewhat artificial". In 1888, with the recognition of Zygoballus as an independent genus, American arachnologists George and Elizabeth Peckham renamed the spider Zygoballus sexpunctatus. Specimens of Z.sexpunctatus are housed at the Museum of Comparative Zoology, the British Museum, the Milwaukee Public Museum, the American Museum of Natural History, and the Musum National d'Histoire Naturelle. No type specimens are known.The genus Zygoballus contains approximately twenty species distributed from the United States to Argentina. Zygoballus is classified in the subfamily Dendryphantinae of the family Salticidae (jumping spiders).
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Knowledge Related to a History of Democratic Kampuchea (19751979)
A History of Democratic Kampuchea (19751979) (Khmer: (-)) is a 2007 Cambodian textbook written by Khamboly Dy. The 87-page textbook was commissioned by the Documentation Center of Cambodia (DC-Cam), with Dy becoming the first Cambodian to write a textbook about the period. Youk Chhang, then the Director of DC-Cam, supervised the project, while Wynne Cougill acted as both adviser and editor and American historian David P. Chandler acted as reviewer of the text. The book was published by DC-Cam five years after it began to advocate the inclusion of Khmer Rouge history to Cambodian school curriculum.Until the book's publication, the Khmer Rouge period of Cambodian history had rarely been taught in Cambodian schools after the United Nations forced its removal from the general curriculum in the early 1990s, so as to encourage Khmer Rouge officials to join its talks for democracy. The book is now considered the definitive schoolbook on the four-year Khmer Rouge period of Cambodian history, and has been made mandatory in Cambodian high school education beginning in 2009.• Other Related Knowledge of HistoryA history of taxon of CourtyardAll representative of genus Eptesicus from Eastern and Southern parts of Ukraine used to be referred to the species Eptesicus serotinus before, a new species was isolated from serotinus. A species was described by Ukrainian zoologist (teriologist) Igor Zagorodniuk in 2009 as a new species for science based on the material from Luhansk Oblast.The taxonomy revision was conducted for the reason various mistakes in identification of Eptesicus species (as well as adjacent species, in particular Vespertili) occurred based on available identification guides.The primary Ukrainian name of the species (ukr. ) is associated with the Siverskyi Donets river, where the most of the records of the species were known on a moment of its description.As it is conceived in the species description, its name will be remained geographic but will be changed when the information on a species range will be expanded. The Latin name is associated with the presence of post-calcarial lobe on a calcar.------Personal history of throw inButterfield was born in Yorkshire, England in 1979, but later moved to Glasgow in Scotland. In 2011, she was diagnosed with a spinal tumor which resulted in her being paralysed below the waist.------Geography of history of fishingThe total area of the Romincka landscape is about 250 square kilometres (97sqmi), stretching from the Masurian Lake District in the southwest up to the border with Lithuania at Lake Vitytis in the east. The southern Polish part (about one-third of the area) comprises a protected zone known as Puszcza Romincka Landscape Park.The Krasnaya River flows through the Romincka Forest. Major settlements in the area include Krasnolesye in Kaliningrad Oblast, as well as ytkiejmy and Godap in Poland.------Locations of punjab historyThe following is a list of places known as Dadwal:Dadwal village - Janauri, Hoshiarpar PunjabDadwal village - Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh.Dadwal village - Pathankot, Punjab, India.Dhadwal town- Narowal, Punjab, Pakistan.------Operational history of redlineIn a review Michael McGoldrick wrote, "The Kelt 7.6 ... won the very prestigious "boat of the year" award at the 1980 Paris Boat Show. The Kelt successfully squeezed a lot of living space, including an aft head and a real chart table, in seaworthy and modern looking 25 footer. Because these boats were built in the mid-1980s, the Kelt is one of the newer 25 footer that can be found on the Canadian used market."------History and people of ottomanCrimean Karaites - Crimean Khanate - Crimean People's Republic - Crimean Tatar diaspora - Crimean Tatar language - Crimean Tatars - Cumania - Deportation of the Crimean Tatars - Golden Horde - Kipchak people - Krymchaks - Lipka Tatars - Mongol Empire - Nogay - Tatars------Service history of steam engineMiramichi was ordered on 23 February 1940 as part of the 19391940 construction programme. The minesweeper's keel was laid down by Burrard Dry Dock Co. Ltd. at Vancouver, British Columbia and the ship was launched on 2 September 1941. She was commissioned into the Royal Canadian Navy on 26 November 1941 at Vancouver.After commissioning, Miramichi spent the entire war alternating between service with Esquimalt Force and Prince Rupert Force as a minesweeping and patrol vessel. In the summer and fall of 1943, she was occasionally used as a training vessel. She was paid off 24 October 1945 at Esquimalt.Following the war Miramichi was sold to the Union Steamship Co. of British Columbia in 1946. She was to be converted to a merchant vessel though that was never begun and instead the ship was sold for scrap and broken up at Vancouver in 19491950. The city of Miramichi possesses the vessel's bell, which is on display at city hall. The community received the naval bell, following naval tradition in the case of decommissioned Canadian ships named for towns and cities. The Canadian Forces Base Esquimalt Naval and Military Museum naval bell archive includes baptism information from HMCS Miramichi.------Recording history of transition metalsThe 69 EyesBump 'n' Grind (1992)Motor City Resurrection (1994)Savage Garden (1995)Wrap Your Troubles in Dreams (1997)Wasting the Dawn (1999)Blessed Be (2000)Paris Kills (2002)Framed in Blood - The Very Blessed of the 69 Eyes (2003)Devils (2004)Angels (2007)The 69 Eyes: Hollywood Kills (2008)Back in Blood (2009) (2012)Universal Monsters (2016)BriardBriard (Revisited) (1996) session drums------Natural history of black grassLaotian rock rats are found in regions of karst limestone. They appear to be found only among limestone boulders on hillsides. Villagers in the area are familiar with the animal, calling it kha-nyou, and trapping it for food. The animals are presumed to be nocturnal.These rock rats appear to be predominantly herbivores, eating leaves, grass and seeds. They may eat insects, as well, but probably not in high abundance. Females may give birth to a single young.Laotian rock rats appear to be quite docile and slow-moving over open ground. They walk with feet splayed outward in a gait described as duck-like. Although not ideal for mobility on open surfaces, this appears to be efficient when scrambling up and across large rocks. The sideways angle allows for greater surface area for their feet to find purchase on tilted or parallel surfaces.------Rules & History of am homesThe seven Bezirke in Bavaria each play their own cup competition, which in turn used to function as a qualifying to the German Cup (DFB-Pokal). Since 1998, these seven cup-winners plus the losing finalist of the region that won the previous event advance to the newly introduced Bavarian Cup, the Toto-Pokal. The two finalists of this competition advance to the German Cup. Bavarian clubs which play in the first or second Bundesliga are not permitted to take part in the event; their reserve teams however can. The seven regional cup winners were qualified for the first round. It was the last edition with only seven clubs. The following season, the competition was expanded to eight teams------History of the term of biological insecticidesAccording to a March 2005 draft entry for the Oxford English Dictionary, the term first came into use in the early 1990s, with published examples including the August 22, 1992 issue of the New Scientist and an October 12, 1994 reference in The Guardian society section:Beetle banks, a recent initiative by the Game Conservancy Trust, would also help encourage ground-nesting birds while creating cover for aphid-eating bugs with more pay-off in savings on aphicides.------Company history of 4x4x4KinetX, Inc. was founded in 1992, and was approached shortly thereafter by Motorola for assistance in developing and implementing the Iridium satellite constellation ground system. In early 1993 several members of KinetX began working on the systems engineering for the Iridium command and control system. KinetX later provided engineering support and software development for companies such as Lockheed, Boeing, Aerojet, Spectrum Astro (now part of General Dynamics C4 Systems) and TRW.------Electoral history of b&q furniture boardMinneapolis Mayoral Election, 1870Eli B. Ames 1,005Paris Gibson 782Henry G. Sidle 1Write-Ins and Scattering 7Minneapolis Mayoral Election, 1871Eli B. Ames 1,083Alfred Elisha Ames 557Minneapolis Mayoral Election, 1873George A. Brackett 2,188Eli B. Ames 1,362------Playing history of heartsA slightly-built but very pacy striker, Colquhoun was a popular and prolific goalscorer for his hometown club Stirling Albion. He was signed by Celtic in 1983. He moved to Edinburgh club Hearts in 1985. Colquhoun helped the club achieve its best performances in many years, only losing the 198586 Scottish Premier Division on goal difference thanks to a last day defeat at Dundee. He earned 2 international caps for Scotland, against Saudi Arabia and Malta, in 1988.Colquhoun played for Millwall and Sunderland in the early 1990s. He returned to Hearts in 1993. He scored the Hearts goal in the 1996 Scottish Cup Final, a 5-1 defeat by Rangers. Colquhoun spent a month with Scottish First Division side St Johnstone in 1997 and helped them win promotion. He retired at the end of the 199697 season, having played in over 450 league games and scored well over 100 league goals.------Description and history of the arches national parkBuilt in 1903 it served as an Episcopal church in the past. It is an example of Late Gothic Revival style architecture. The large stone building displays simple massing, buttresses and cut stone detailing that exemplifies that style. On the south facade the arched entry, in a projecting bay, is echoed by the large sanctuary window. This fenestration features a Tudor arch and extensive tracery. The building is located at 787 E. Broad Street. Thes stone building is the second church built by the local Episcopalian congregation. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on December 17, 1986 as part of a group of properties the, "East Broad Street Multiple Resource Area".------Performance historyThe opera was not very successful, and was only staged a few times during Strauss' lifetime:The first performance took place on 10 May 1894 at the Grossherzogliches Hoftheater in Weimar. The soprano role of Freihild was sung by Pauline de Ahna, Strauss's future wife. Later performances conducted by Strauss included those in Munich on 16 November 1895 and in Prague on 9 October 1901. A performance in Frankfurt was given on 9 March 1910 conducted by Ludwig Rottenberg.The revised version was first given in Weimar on 29 October 1940, conducted by Paul Sixt, and later in 1942 in Berlin conducted by Robert Heger.In Hamburg, on 4 February 1895, Gustav Mahler included the Prelude to Act 1 in his 6th Philharmonic Concert. He included the Preludes to Acts 1 and 2 in a concert in Vienna on 19 February 1899, and in New York on 30 March 1910 with the New York Philharmonic.------Publication history of universal solventAnn O'Brien was created by writer/artist Art Adams, who conceived of Monkeyman & O'Brien as series that would enable him to draw monsters similar to the classic movie monsters that he enjoyed in his youth, like Godzilla, King Kong and the Universal Monsters. Adams named O'Brien in tribute to Fay Wray's character, Ann Darrow, from King Kong and that film's special effects creator Willis O'Brien,The character debuted in Dark Horse Presents #80 (December 1993) in a story titled "A Monkeyman & O'Brien Adventure: Tortorus". She next appeared in a backup story entitled "Who Are Monkeyman and O'Brien?" in Mike Mignola's 1994 series Hellboy: Seed of Destruction. The character made further appearances in several short stories in Dark Horse Presents, a three book limited series titled Monkeyman and O'Brien (1996), and a crossover miniseries Gen 13/Monkeyman and O'Brien (1998). The character's last published appearance was in 1999 in a comic strip in Dark Horse Extra, newspaper style comics fanzine.------Biography of punjab historyEarly lifeSahir Hoshiarpuri was born on 5 March 1913 and raised in Hoshiarpur, Punjab, India. He received his education at Government College. He earned his M.A degree in Persian in 1935. He was a disciple of Josh Malsiyani who belonged to the Daagh School of Urdu Poetry.During his college days he came into contact with Mehr Lal Soni Zia Fatehabadi who was studying at Forman Christian College nearby Lahore, their friendship lasted a lifetime. They were both residing in Kanpur. He died on 18 December 1994 in Delhi, India.------Early history of educational psychologyThe Fowler & Wells Company was a scientific institution that had a worldwide reputation. For 57 years, its founders and owners maintained an office in New York City, and were the recognized leaders in the phrenological, physiological, and hygienic sciences. For half a century, they were the main educators in these branches of study. The organization was located at 27 East 21st Street, near Broadway. The work was inaugurated by Orson Squire Fowler and Lorenzo Niles Fowler in 1835. They were the first in America to give the science of phrenology a practical value by making special delineations of character. They began work in a small way, but steadily increased its scope. In 1843, they were joined by Samuel Roberts Wells, who subsequently married Charlotte Fowler, the sister of his partners. Later, the Fowler brothers withdrew from the publishing house. Orson died in 1887. Lorenzo continued his professional practice in London. Samuel Wells conducted the business of the original house until his death, in 1875, and Charlotte Fowler assumed the management until 1884.
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Knowledge Related to the Natural History of Aleppo
The Natural History of Aleppo is a 1756 book by naturalist Alexander Russell on the natural history of Aleppo. In 1794 his half-brother, Patrick Russell, revised and expanded the text in a second edition. The book is significant for its quality, the contemporary interest it attracted, and for being a product of the Scottish Enlightenment.When the book was published it was immediately an important European record and perspective on the state of contemporary science in Syria.The book contains the earliest known description of the Syrian hamster.• Other Related Knowledge of HistoryFirsts in local history of kellerAlphabetized by parish nameAscension ParishJane Margaret Triche-Milazzo: First female appointed as a Judge of the Twenty-Third Judicial District in Louisiana (2008) Ascension, Assumption, and St. James Parishes, LouisianaAssumption ParishJane Margaret Triche-Milazzo: First female appointed as a Judge of the Twenty-Third Judicial District in Louisiana (2008) Ascension, Assumption, and St. James Parishes, LouisianaBossier ParishCarrie Keller (c. 1915): First female lawyer in Shreveport, Louisiana Bossier and Caddo Parishes, LouisianaCaddo ParishCarrie Keller (c. 1915): First female lawyer in Shreveport, Louisiana Bossier and Caddo Parishes, LouisianaDeSoto ParishAmy Burford-McCartney: First female judge elected in the Forty-Second Judicial District in Louisiana (2016) DeSoto Parish, LouisianaEast Carroll ParishAlwine Louise Smith Ragland (1935): First female to become a Judge of the Sixth Judicial District in Louisiana (1974) East Carroll, Madison, and Tensas Parishes, LouisianaFranklin ParishAnn B. McIntyre (1977): First female lawyer in Franklin Parish, Louisiana (specifically Winnsboro, Louisiana) and Judge of the Fifth Judicial District in Louisiana Franklin, Richland and West Carroll Parishes, LouisianaIberville ParishCatherine D. Kimball (1970): First female elected as a Judge of the Eighteenth Judicial District Court (1983) Iberville, Pointe Coupee, and West Baton Rouge Parishes, LouisianaJefferson ParishJo Ellen Grant and Martha E. Sassone: First female judges respectively in Jefferson Parish, LouisianaJune Berry Darensburg: First African American female elected to a judgeship in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana (2006)Lafayette ParishDiana Simon: First female litigator in Lafayette, Louisiana Lafayette Parish, Louisiana Lafourche ParishKristine Russell: First female District Attorney for the Lafourche Parish, Louisiana (2018)Marla Abel: First female judge in Lafourche Parish, Louisiana (upon her appointment as a Judge of the 17th Judicial District Court in 2020)Madison ParishAlwine Louise Smith Ragland (1935): First female to become a Judge of the Sixth Judicial District in Louisiana (1974) East Carroll, Madison, and Tensas Parishes, LouisianaOrleans ParishBernette Joshua Johnson (1969): First female (and African American female) to serve as a Judge of the Orleans Parish Civil District Court (1984) and its Chief Judge (1994)Angelique Reed: First African American (female) to serve as a Judge of New Orleans' First City Civil District Court (1998) and its Senior JudgeMiriam Waltzer: First female judge to be elected to Orleans Parish Criminal District Court, LouisianaKim M. Boyle: First African American female (and African American overall) to serve as the President of the New Orleans Bar Association (2003)Keva Landrum-Johnson: First female District Attorney for the Orleans Parish, Louisiana (2007)Pointe Coupee ParishCatherine D. Kimball (1970): First female elected as a Judge of the Eighteenth Judicial District Court (1983) Iberville, Pointe Coupee, and West Baton Rouge Parishes, LouisianaRapides ParishMonique F. Rauls (1993): First African American female judge in Rapides Parish, LouisianaRae Swent: First female appointed as a Judge of the Ninth Judicial District in Louisiana Rapides Parish, LouisianaRichland ParishAnn B. McIntyre (1977): First female appointed as a Judge of the Fifth Judicial District in Louisiana Franklin, Richland and West Carroll Parishes, LouisianaSt. Bernard ParishJeanne Juneau: First female judge in St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana (2013)St. James ParishJane Margaret Triche-Milazzo: First female appointed as a Judge of the Twenty-Third Judicial District in Louisiana (2008) Ascension, Assumption, and St. James Parishes, LouisianaSt. John the Baptist ParishBridget A. Dinvaut: First African American female elected as the District Attorney for St. John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana (2015)St. Tammany ParishPatricia Hedges: First female appointed as a Judge of the Twenty-Second Judicial District Court in Louisiana (1995) St. Tammany and Washington Parishes, LouisianaTensas ParishAlwine Louise Smith Ragland (1935): First female to become a Judge of the Sixth Judicial District in Louisiana (1974) East Carroll, Madison, and Tensas Parishes, LouisianaTerrebonne ParishDixie Brown: First female prosecutor in Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana (1979)Washington ParishPatricia Hedges: First female appointed as a Judge of the Twenty-Second Judicial District Court in Louisiana (1995) St. Tammany and Washington Parishes, LouisianaWest Baton Rouge ParishCatherine D. Kimball (1970): First female elected as a Judge of the Eighteenth Judicial District Court (1983) Iberville, Pointe Coupee, and West Baton Rouge Parishes, LouisianaWest Carroll ParishAnn B. McIntyre (1977): First female appointed as a Judge of the Fifth Judicial District in Louisiana Franklin, Richland and West Carroll Parishes, Louisiana------History of environmental science & technology abbreviationMaharaja Nandakumar, the political acumen and great martyr of 18th Century Bengal, was the Faujdar of Hooghly and Zamindar (Land-owner) of Basudevpur Mouza, now known as Nandakumar in the district of Purba Medinipur which he got as a gift for his help as a revenue officer to Maharani of Tamluk during her troubled times.Being born in a noble Brahmin family on 1705 at Bhadrapur, Birbhum he was educated in Sanskrit and Arabic, but soon joined as a revenue officer like his father Padnava Roy under East India Company. As a robust personality his firmness and resoluteness confirmed the evil eye of East India Company, particularly Lord Warren Hastings, the then Governor General of Bengal for not supporting misdeeds for his personal gain using the chief post of east India company, As a result , he was mooted as a victim of a forgery case of a deed of one Bulaki Das and ultimately he was accused by the law of the British in place of the Country law particularly when the East India Company was not the supreme ruler of the Country. As justice was denied without allowing a chance of self-defense, he was sentenced to death and was hanged by the British on 5th August, 1775, at Cooli Bazar, Kolkata. The tragedy of his death has remained still like a ballad in the mind of the people of Bengal.To commemorate his death and as a long historical legacy of region, the newly found college has been named after him as MAHARAJA NANDAKUMAR MAHAVIDYALAYA. It is situated at the centre of the police station of Nandakumar and surrounded by a high academic environmental zone initially with the support and auspices of ICARE, Haldia, to cater humanistic and scientific knowledge and to uphold the holistic approach to the people of local community in order to generate growth and prosperity of this region as a whole. The local representative of the Legislative Assembly also took initiative for the establishment of this degree college. Kalyan Sebashram Sangha, a pioneer and benevolent organization extended its support with a donation of 5.33 acre of valuable land. Finally, the approval from the Higher Education Department, Government of W.B. and the affiliation from Vidyasagar University, Medinipur, made the foundation of this Mahavidyalaya into reality on the auspicious day, the 6th August, 2007.Though the college in its infant stage was temporarily running in a building of District Child Welfare Department, it was shifted to its own Campus on the 2nd of January, 2015, at Bhabanipur, Kalyanchak. It is now situated by the side of Digha-Howrah High Road, only two kilometer away from NH-41 Crossing. Honble M.P, Tamluk Parliamentary Constituency and Chairman of Haldia Development of Authority, Sri Suvendu Adhikary is gracious enough to allot grants into two phases of Rs. 2.20 Crore for the construction of the present building. At present it has become one of the leading burgeoning colleges under Vidyasagar University. Now the college has been included under Sections 2F and 12B of UGC Act.The college also has a unit of Netaji Subhas Open University which offers 7(Seven) PG course programmes. The process to get NAAC accreditation towards an all-round improvement of the college has been undertaken since then in collaboration with the IQAC, formed in 2016, and other stakeholders who have been working relentlessly to maintain the internal quality of teaching - learning and academic excellence.
2021 06 28
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Knowledge Related to Cogito and the History of Madness
"Cogito and the History of Madness" is a 1963 paper by the French philosopher Jacques Derrida that critically responds to Michel Foucault's book History of Madness. In this paper, Derrida questions the intentions and feasibility of Foucault's book, particularly in relation to the historical importance attributed by Foucault to the treatment of madness by Descartes in the Meditations on First Philosophy. Derrida's paper began a high-profile exchange between Derrida and Foucault as well as a considerable amount of attention from scholars. Foucault responded directly to Derrida in an appendix added to the 1972 edition of the History of Madness titled "My body, this paper, this fire." Derrida again considered Foucault's 1961 text on madness with "To do Justice to Freud: The History of madness in the age of psychoanalysis" in 1991. The exchange between Derrida and Foucault was sometimes acrimonious and it is said that "the two writers stopped communicating for ten years." Commentators on the exchange include Shoshana Felman, Gayatri Spivak, Geoffrey Bennington, Slavoj iek, Edward Sad, Rmi Brague, Manfred Frank, and Christopher Norris.It has been stated that Derrida first used the neologism diffrance in "Cogito and the History of Madness".• Other Related Knowledge of HistoryStructure of the paper of HistoryEpigraphsDerrida prefaces the paper with two quotations. The first quotation is Sren Kierkegaard stating that "The instant of decision is madness". Kierkegaard characterises the instant of decision as madness because it is only when one choice is not clearly superior to another when reason fails to indicate which option is better that a choice really needs to be made. The second quotation is James Joyce stating of Ulysses that "In any event this book was terribly daring. A transparent sheet separates it from madness."Point of departureDerrida states that his point of departure for "Cogito and the History of Madness" is Foucault's 1961 book Folie et draison. Derrida's paper primarily relies on two sections of Foucault's work, the original 1961 preface in which Foucault makes a number of general comments about the book, setting forth his intentions and methodology, and two and a half pages at the start of the second chapter where Foucault links Descartes to an historical event that silenced madness at the end of the classical age. Foucault's 1961 text was heavily abridged for a popular edition in 1964 that formed the basis for Richard Howard's translation of the text into English as Madness and Civilization. The abridged 1964 edition removed the pages concerning Descartes on which Derrida had explicitly based his argument in "Cogito and the History of Madness." These pages on Descartes were only made available in English with Jean Khalfa's 2006 translation of Foucault's work on madness.Allusion to HegelDerrida makes an allusion to the masterslave dialectic in Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit in the opening pages of "Cogito and the History of Madness."Argument concerning DescartesFoucault writes at the start of the second chapter of Madness and Civilization of a strange violent event that silenced madness at the end of the renaissance and the beginning of the classical age. He then discusses the treatment of madness by Descartes in the Meditations on First Philosophy. Foucault argues that Descartes refuses to recognise a commonality between himself and people who are mad and uses this dissociation as an excuse not to take madness seriously as a grounds for doubt. For Foucault this exclusion of madness by Descartes leads to a cogito that is more or less arbitrarily self-assured of its own rationality.Derrida argues that Descartes might appear to dismiss madness at the point of the meditation to which Foucault refers but shortly after this takes madness seriously as a ground for doubt when he considers the possibility of there being an evil demon controlling his thoughts. Derrida argues that Descartes includes the possibility of his own madness when he hypothesises that an evil demon could corrupt even the most assured and reasonable judgements he can make, such as those of basic arithmetic. Derrida argues that madness is not subject to an arbitrary exclusion by Descartes but that once Descartes earnestly but momentarily enters into the hypothesis of the evil demon he must be reassured by the ordered operative norms of his language and project of self-reflection.------Presentation and publication of HistoryDerrida presented the paper Cogito and the History of Madness at the Collge Philosophique in 1963. Derrida sent a letter inviting Foucault to attend this presentation. The paper was subsequently published in the Revue de mtaphysique et de morale in 1963 with the addition of a short passage inserted between brackets. Additional notes to the paper were published in the next issue of the Revue de mtaphysique et de morale in 1964. The paper was subject to a further revision for its inclusion in the 1967 collection L'criture et la diffrence. The paper was translated into English by Alan Bass in 1978 as part of Writing and Difference.
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Know About History of Measles
An Introduction to history of measlesThe Division of Global Migration and Quarantine (DGMQ) is the part of the U.S. government responsible for U.S. Quarantine Stations and issuing quarantine orders. It is part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases.The U.S. Quarantine Stations work at 20 major ports of entry where most international travelers arrive, to help prevent contagious diseases from entering and spreading through the United States. Because of US federal regulations, pilots of ships and planes must report to CDC any illnesses and deaths before arriving into the United States. Quarantine public health officers work with U.S. Customs and Border Protection and emergency medical services to also detect sick travelers entering the country. Quarantine officers also screen imported animals and biologics to ensure safety from diseases dangerous to humans.Activities of history of measlesU.S. Quarantine Stations are staffed with public health and medical officers from the Quarantine and Border Health Services Branch. They usually consist of a small group of staff, office space, and patient isolation rooms.Human healthWhen illnesses are reported to CDC at ports of entry, quarantine officers are the first responders. They assess health situations with the goal of both protecting communities from disease spread and directing sick travelers to appropriate care. These officers decide whether sick travelers can enter the United States or continue to travel. Quarantine officers collect medical information from new arrivals, including immigrants, refugees, parolees, and asylees and inform local health departments in their destination locations about health issues that need follow-up.Medical inadmissibility can be based on four conditions: a communicable disease of public health significance, a physical or mental disorder with harmful behavior, drug abuse or addiction, or, for immigrant visa applicants, lack of required vaccinations. These are further divided based on a physician panel into Class A conditions that require a waiver for admission, and Class B conditions do not preclude admission but require follow-up.CDC works closely with airline and ship companies that transport people and cargo to the U.S. ports of entry. Quarantine officers coordinate with airlines, cruise lines, and port officials to investigate illness reports and track the spread of disease.For example, if a sick passenger is on a flight, CDC will work with the airlines, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, and health departments or international ministries of health to contact travelers who were exposed to the sick person as per CDCs disease protocols. This is known as a contact investigation.Certain quarantine stations respond to emergency requests from hospitals to provide certain unavailable emergency drugs for botulism, malaria, and diphtheria. Quarantine officers also work with port partners to plan and prepare emergency responses and for mass migration emergencies.Quarantinable diseasesAs a federal agency under the US Department of Human and Health Services, CDC can legally detain, medically examine, and release a person who may have a contagious disease that is quarantinable. Quarantinable diseases are determined by Executive Order of the US President. As of 2020 there are nine quarantinable diseases:CholeraDiphtheriaInfectious tuberculosisPlagueSmallpoxYellow feverViral hemorrhagic fevers (such as Ebola)Severe acute respiratory syndromes (such as SARS, MERS, COVID-19)Types of flu (influenza virus) that could cause a pandemicSeveral vaccine-controllable diseases are not on the list, including measles, mumps, rubella, and chickenpox.Based on their health assessments, quarantine officers may stop travelers from entering the United States or from continuing to travel, or send them to a hospital for treatment, or connect with a local or state health department for follow up.CargoQuarantine officers routinely monitor animals and cargo entering the United States that may pose a risk to public health. They inspect live animals, including dogs, cats, monkeys, bats, turtles, ticks, mosquitoes, snails, and civets. CDC also regulates the import of animal products like bushmeat, hunting trophies, untanned goat skin drums, and uncured leather. Biological research samples, blood and tissue samples, and human remains are also screened for disease.Locations of history of measlesThe 20 Quarantine Stations are located at major ports of entry where most international travelers enter the country. Two stations, El Paso and San Diego, are located at land-border crossings, while the other 18 are at international airports. Each station is responsible for all the ports of entry in its assigned region, in addition to the major port where it is located.The Boston and Dallas stations are as of 2020 unstaffed, and are respectively under the jurisdiction of the New York and Houston stations.
2021 06 28
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Introduction to Paper History
1. variste Lvi-Provenal of paper historyvariste Lvi-Provenal (4 January 1894 27 March 1956) was a French medievalist, orientalist, Arabist, and historian of Islam.The scholar who would take the name Lvi-Provenal was born 4 January 1894 in Constantine, French Algeria, as Makhluf Evariste Levi (Arabic: ), his second name revealing that his North-African Jewish family was already somewhat Gallicized. By the age of nineteen when he published his first paper he had rechristened himself variste Lvi-Provenal. He studied at the Lyce in Constantine, and served in the French army during World War I, being wounded in the Dardanelles in 1917. He then joined the Institut des Hautes Etudes Marocaines. He held positions at the University of Algiers (1926) and later the Sorbonne (1945).Lvi-Provenal was the founder of the French study of Islam and the first director of the Institute of Islamic Studies (Institut d'tudes islamiques) in Algiers. He specialized in the history of al-Andalus and the Muslims of Spain. He worked on editing and translating the Arabic sources for the medieval history of Spain, often with Spanish Arabist Emilio Garca Gmez. His writings about Muslims scholarship were both admiring and critical. He was anticolonial in his leanings, and he tended to ignore or underplay Jewish sources and obfuscate his own Jewish origins to avoid French Antisemitism.------2. Selected works of paper historyvariste Lvi-Provenal (1922). Les historiens des Chorfa: essai sur la littrature historique et biographique au Maroc du XVIe au XXe sicle. Larose. Retrieved 17 February 2012..mw-parser-output cite.citationfont-style:inherit.mw-parser-output .citation qquotes:"""""""'""'".mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free abackground:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration abackground:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription abackground:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registrationcolor:#555.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration spanborder-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon abackground:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat.mw-parser-output code.cs1-codecolor:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-errordisplay:none;font-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-errorfont-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-maintdisplay:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-formatfont-size:95%.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-leftpadding-left:0.2em.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-rightpadding-right:0.2em.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflinkfont-weight:inheritHistoire de l'Espagne musulmane, (1944-1953)Sville musulmane au dbut du XIIe sicleL'Espagne musulmane au Xe sicle. Institutions et vie sociale (Paris, Maisonneuve & Larose, 1932)------3. Italian Tribune-La Tribuna del Popolo of paper historyThe Italian Tribune (La Tribune del Popolo) is a newspaper first published in Detroit, Michigan on May 1, 1909 as La Tribuna Italiana del Michigan. It was founded by Vincent Giuliano, with the help of his wife, Maria Giuliano. Vincent had been publishing a newspaper in Chicago for the Italian textile workers when a group of auto workers in Detroit asked him to start a similar paper in Detroit to bring the community together.The paper was originally written in Italian, but the majority of the newspaper today is written mostly in English. The newspaper serves as a history of the Italian American community in Metro Detroit.------4. The Lebanon Gazette of paper historyThe Lebanon Gazette, now defunct, was the name of two weekly newspapers published in Lebanon, Ohio, both of which were absorbed by The Western Star.The first of the papers was initially issued on Wednesday, November 11, 1821, and it ceased publication Saturday, August 10, 1822. The Western Star was then retitled The Western Star and Lebanon Gazette.The second paper to bear this name was established by William H. P. Denny, the former owner of The Western Star, in 1877. In 1879, he sold the paper to William D. Mulford and J. C. Van Harlingen. By 1882, the Gazette Printing Company, a company controlled by George M. Johnston, assumed ownership. The paper was discontinued February 16, 1893, and with The Western Star's issue of Thursday, February 23, 1893, that journal was called The Western Star and Lebanon Gazette.
2021 06 28
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Knowledge Related to International Academy of the History of Science
The International Academy of the History of Science (French: Acadmie Internationale d'Histoire des Sciences) is a membership organization for historians of science.The academy was founded on 17 August 1928 at the Congress of Historical Science by Aldo Mieli, Abel Rey, George Sarton, Henry E. Sigerist, Charles Singer, Karl Sudhoff, and Lynn Thorndike.• Other Related Knowledge of HistoryHistory & amenities of angel of the northMaesycwmmer is still overshadowed by the vast Maesycwmmer Viaduct, which dates from 1853 and which carried the Taff Vale Extension of the Newport, Abergavenny and Hereford Railway over the Rhymney valley. In 2000 the viaduct was re-opened for public pedestrian access.Today the village features the "Wheel o Drams" (locally known as "The Stargate") sculpture by Andy Hazell, an unusual piece of modern art formed from a circle of coalmining dram trucks to commemorate the industrial heritage of this locality within the history of the South Wales Valleys. The village shared three railway stations with neighbouring Hengoed over the years (see Hengoed railway station).There are two pubs in Maesycwmmer: The Maesycwmmer Inn and The Angel (a third, The Butchers Arms, became an Indian restaurant called The Spice Tree).Maesycwmmer was a creation of the Industrial Revolution in the South Wales Coalfield. The houses built along the main road were purpose built for the workers that built the Maesycwmmer to Hengoed Viaduct. There is also a disused quarry in a field behind the houses of St Annes Gardens.Maesycwmmer has both a junior and a senior football team. The senior team, Maesycwmmer FC, was founded in 2010 and plays in the North Gwent Football League. Matches are played at The Bryn, just outside Maesycwmmer. The Angel pub, which the team used for its post match entertainment, is the main club sponsor.------History and structure of federal income taxAs a public instrumentality and body politic and corporate of the state of Missouri, MOHELA was created in 1981 by legislation signed into law by Governor Christopher S. Kit Bond. MOHELA was established to assure that all eligible post-secondary education students have access to student loans (RSMo 173.360). The authority is governed by seven board members operating on alternating five-year terms; five of whom are appointed by the Governor of the state of Missouri, subject to the advice and consent of the Missouri Senate, and two others are representatives from the Missouri Coordinating Board of Higher Education one of which is a permanent seat to be filled by that agencys commissioner.Initial funding to establish operations came from a $65 million bank letter of credit, guaranteed by several of the then members, and was repaid following the issuance of bonds. Since that original issue, MOHELA has generated its own funding from beginning to present day. From its humble beginnings with fewer than ten employees, MOHELA has grown to more than 625 full-time staff members and works with students, schools and lenders in all 50 states.------The History of the Normans of ba 88Amatus' L'Ystoire de li Normant chronicles the history of the Normans in Southern Italy, from their arrival to the death of Richard Drengot of Capua. Kenneth Baxter Wolf hypothesizes that, because the stated purpose of the history is to commemorate the deeds of Richard of Capua and Robert Guiscard, that Amatus (or Abbot Desiderius) was prompted to write because of Richard's death in 1078. Amatus' chronicle was written soon after 1080, making it the first of the Norman histories of Southern Italy to be written Originally written in Latin, the text now only survives in a fourteenth-century French translation commissioned by a "conte da Militre," who was possibly connected to the Angevin dynasty of the Kingdom of Naples. However, the work was not only translated, but also summarized and abridged at points. Despite this, Wolf argues that comparisons with the second version of the Chronica monasterii Casinensis, written by Leo Marsicanus and incorporating parts of Amatus's original text, suggest that the corrupted French translation is not completely inaccurate.------Operational history of b&q melamineThe first N.T.2B was delivered to the RNAS flying school at Calshot on 8 July 1917, the type becoming the standard training flying boat of the RNAS and RAF until the end of the First World War, although delivery delays caused by the engine problems caused a backlog in training flying boat pilots. Seventy-nine were on charge with the RAF on 31 October 1918. It operated at bases at Felixstowe and Lee-on-Solent as well as Calshot.Following the end of the war, N.T.2Bs were sold to the air forces of Estonia, Peru and Norway. Civil N.T.2Bs were flown in Norway and Canada, where one aircraft remained in use for forestry patrols until 1929.------Influence of HistoryThough its plot is frequently at variance with the standard Arthurian outline, Perlesvaus did have an effect on subsequent literature. Arthur's traditional enemies Claudas and Brian of the Isles appear for the first time in its pages, as does the Questing Beast (though in a radically different guise than it would take). The story of Kay murdering Loholt is mentioned in the Lancelot-Grail (Vulgate) cycle as the one evil deed Kay ever committed, but the details and retribution are left out. A small part of Perlesvaus was also adapted by Thomas Malory in the episode of the evil sorceress Hellawes in Le Morte d'Arthur. Malory's source seems to be one of the Vulgate manuscripts where the content from Perlesvaus serves as a prologue to the Vulgate Queste.------Company history of corporate brandingThe company advises companies and individuals as to how to use social media outlets and how to avoid the negative ramifications that can arise from the misuse or ignoring of social media. The company was founded after Moschini relocated from Latin America to the United States. Moschini first worked as a waitress before working in public relations positions with Compaq and Grupo Santander, then vice president of corporate communications for Visa International. The company was founded in 2002.Before the rise of social media, the company began working with corporations on their public websites to deal with the pre- and post-sale parts of e-commerce. After establishing itself in the United States, Intuic began to shift its focus to also include Latin American companies, including those from Moschini's native Argentina. Intuic has advised corporate clients on their social media strategies including Twitter, Google, MasterCard, Microsoft, Cisco, Computer Associates, Millicom, Hewlett Packard, and BMW.------Belarus' economic history of priority claimFormally known as the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic under the Soviet Union, on July 27, 1990 Belarus demanded its sovereignty. The country officially become the independent Republic of Belarus on August 25, 1991. In 1994 Belarus elected their first president, Alexander Lukashenko. USA and the European Union, deem Belarus the last dictatorship in Europe.After World War ll, the Byelorussian economy was in tatters, and most of the industry and many production plants were transferred to Russia. The Soviet Union made Russia's economy priority before rebuilding Belarus. Under the leadership of Lukashenko, the economy of Belarus had problems with balance of payments and foreign exchange reserves. In 1998 Belarus entered a crisis, with the ruble value halved and food rationing imposed by the government. Belarus went to its neighbor Russia to seek financial help. Belarus and Russia signed an accord in hopes of merging the Russian and Belorussian currencies and tax systems, which was not officially put into effect. As of 2019, Belarus had 10.4 million people and a gross domestic product of US $80 billion. Their exports and imports were imbalanced, imports being at US $33 billion and exports are at US $28.5 billion. Their most lucrative export is refined petroleum, which represents 19% of their total exports and crude petroleum being their highest import mainly from Russia.------Description and history of commercial parkThe town of Gardiner was settled in the late 1750s by Dr. Sylvester Gardiner, whose land grant included the entire present city. The city grew around the mouth of Cobbossee Stream where it empties into the Kennebec, with industries powered by a series of waterfalls on the stream, and facilitated by the ease of transport on the river. By 1850 the city was one of the leading ports on the river, with eight dams on the stream powering a variety of manufacturing and milling operations. Both the level of industry and water-based transport declined in the 20th century, leaving the largely late 19th-century downtown nearly intact.The historic district encompassing Gardiner's downtown extends along both sides of Water Street, which runs on the south side of Cobbossee Stream in a roughly northwest-southeast orientation, and then southward along the western river bank. The district begins at Brunswick Avenue, and extends southeast to the Gardiner Public Library building at the eastern end of Mechanic Street. Included in the district are 47 historic buildings, generally of brick construction and two or three stories in height. Most of them are either Greek Revival or Italianate in style, although there are several example of Romanesque Revival and Queen Anne architecture. The public library, designed in 1881 by Henry Richards, is a particularly fine example of the latter style.------Early history of adhereThe USI was founded in 1912, after a group of workers, previously affiliated with the Confederazione Generale del Lavoro (CGL), met in Modena and declared themselves linked to the legacy of the First International, and later joined the anarcho-syndicalist International Workers Association.The most left-wing camere del lavoro adhered in rapid succession to the USI, and it engaged in all major political battles for labor rights - without ever adopting the militarist attitudes present with other trade unions. Nonetheless, after the outbreak of World War I, USI was shaken by the dispute around the issue of Italy's intervention in the conflict on the Entente Powers' side. The problem was made acute by the presence of eminent pro-intervention, national-syndicalist voices inside the body: Alceste De Ambris, Filippo Corridoni, and, initially, Giuseppe Di Vittorio. The union managed to maintain its opposition to militarism, under the leadership of Armando Borghi and Alberto Meschi.------History of contact of kangarooArchaeological and radiocarbon studies of a lead weight containing fragments of Loisels pumice unearthed on the island identify the lead component as of French provenance, and the pumice suggests that the object may have arrived on the beach between 1410 and 1630 C.E., the first date prior to Ferdinand Magellan's circumnavigation of the world.Matthew Flinders was the first white to land on the island, at Bool Creek on Sandy Cape in July 1802 and made short contact with the Ngulungbara horde. In 1836 survivors of the shipwreck of a brig, the Stirling Castle managed to make their way south and landed up on the island. Eliza Fraser, the late captain's wife, managed to survive among the local islanders for several weeks.The island began to be occupied by whites in 1849. At that time, the Indigenous population of the 19 clans was estimated to be around 2,000. Within three decades (1879), their numbers had dropped to around 300-400, a collapse attributed by an informant of the then Chief Commissioner of Brisbane to shootings by the Australian native police, and the effects of venereal disease and alcohol introduced by whites.The main remnant of the Butchella people was transferred to Yarrabah sometime around 1902.------Publication history of baitJonah Hex: No Way Back was released to coincide with the film version of Jonah Hex released June 18, 2010.In an interview with DC Comics' The Source blog, Justin Gray said:Jonah Hex has a brother. Thats the idea that came up decades earlier in discussions between writer John Albano and Tony DeZuniga. Tony casually mentioned this to us and that idea has been brought to life in the hardcover. Bold, brazen violent and surprisingly tender, this is the consummate tale of the Wild Wests greatest bounty hunter.Jimmy Palmiotti said:This is the first all original Jonah Hex graphic novel and a dream project for us. Jonah is one of the coolest and most unique characters we have ever had the pleasure to work on. Hes an icon for all ages and his untamed manner appeals, on a visceral gut level, to just about everyone who reads it. In this, Hexs first original graphic novel, we unleash the beast like you have never seen before.
2021 06 28
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Spring High Point Market: Market Mindful of History, but High on Youth: Both the Young and Old Found
Young consumers were the object of attention at the International Home Furnishings Market in High Point in April, but their grandmothers would have felt right at home with several anniversary collections updated for the 21st century. Consumers under 44 are responsible for half the furniture purchased, said Phil Haney, Stanley Furniture's executive vice president for marketing and sales. Collection after collection showed an attempt to appeal to that age group, with soft-edged contemporary styling, reduced scale furniture and versatility. Consumers feel more comfortable with soft contemporary than with stark contemporary, said Morgan Flies, director of advertising at Lane Home Furnishings, as she showed the company's two new collections by Robert Idol, Pacific Heights and Union Square. Lane's Pacific Heights Collection, available in Santos rosewood, and the Union Square Collection, offered in cathedral cherry, both make use of richly patterned veneers and geometric shapes. Stanley Furniture's Midnight Sun Collection, made from quarter-sawn white oak, demonstrates the company's "ability and desire to connect with the young consumer," said Haney. The soft, contemporary Midnight Sun, described as "low and linear," includes tables and chests with an asymmetrical, floating look. Perhaps the closest to pure contemporary the new designs come is Kelly Hoppen's collection for Century. The British designer has used tropical flor-morado, white oak veneers, upholstery, steel and black glass to produce pieces with simple lines and an uncluttered feel. A wide ribbon of steel flows across dresser and chest tops, ending up as legs. Anniversary Pieces Tried-and-true with a modern twist characterizes several anniversary collections. Broyhill Furniture, which is celebrating its centennial, has come out with dining room, bedroom, upholstery and occasional furniture in the style of Sheraton, with a Little Hepplewhite and Chippendale thrown in. Ovals of okoume crotch veneer subtly enhance each piece, even the TV-centered entertainment unit that would have been unheard of 100 years ago. Pennsylvania House, approaching its 60th anniversary, reinterprets its classic Hallmark Cherry collection, updating it with a softer, earthy-brown finish that allows the woodgrain to show. And 50-year-old Pulaski brought back its three-decade-old Keepsakes curio cabinets, with new Lighting embedded in each shelf so that display objects are lit from above and below. In between the contemporary and the classic are handsome pieces which harken back to a romantic European and British past, including the campaign furniture packed by Britons as they colonized a large part of the world. Stanley's mahogany Barbados Collection, for example, with its prominent brass hinges, looks as though it is ready to be broken down and packed away for an ocean voyage. Pulaski's Royale collection of bedroom, dining and accent pieces was inspired by Beaux Arts architectural elements found in medallions, crown moulding and ceiling tiles throughout Europe. Hookers Casa del Sot, described as "Sunbelt Casual," draws on Italian and Mediterranean influences. It includes bed room, dining, occasional, home entertainment and home office pieces. Rustic styles are generally missing among the new furniture, as are overtly Asian styles. The bamboo and banana leaf of past markets also were not much in evidence. Furniture that Fits One trend of note is that many of today's new pieces are transferable from one collection to another. "Each piece stands on its own," said Kathy Mitchell, Hickory Chair director of wood products, as she introduced the 40-piece Alexa Hampton collection The collection tries to avoid "matchy-matchy," she said. "We don't believe that's how people live." Thin stripes of different-colored primavera and mahogany decorate the top of one end table. The striped table encourages normally-reluctant consumers to mix finishes, she said. There also was an attempt by manufacturers to accommodate all Lifestyles, including those crammed into small apartments, with Lots of storage and multi-functional pieces. Storage/display ranged from elegant to utilitarian. The full-Length glass doors of designer Barbara Barry's oval china cabinet for Henredon are bisected with elegant wood curves. Glass shelves with walnut edges are set in a walnut interior. At the other end of the price range spectrum is Sauder's EZ Cube, a modular collection of basic cubes, with or without doors, available with dividers with moveable shelves and end units with curving shelves. The versatile cubes, the company said, "can be used to create a wine cabinet that easily can be transformed into an entertainment center or a bathroom storage unit a month or a year later." From Wine To TV Wine cabinets that can serve other purposes are not limited to Sauder. In Lane's Union Square collection, you can take the bottles out and put in a TV. Presto! An entertainment center. Other solutions for the space-challenged include Pennsylvania House's Flip-Top Sideboard, part of the Today's Hallmark collection. The top flips open to reveal a wear-resistant laminated surface perfect for serving food or drinks. Fitting in with the emphasis on smaller spaces are several low-profile Hickory Chair headboards and an entire Guest Quarters Collection by Vaughn, designed for second bedrooms. Whether small or large, beds are gaining a good deal of attention. A padded headboard stretching several feet above the bed provides an invitation to reading or TV watching in Stanley's Midnight Sun Collection. Another Midnight Sun bed has a lighted headboard, eliminating the need for a bedside lamp. To make more space available in a room, beds by Hooker and Bernhardt also feature short finials as substitutes for foot posts. Style and comfort extends to the kiddies, too. Stanley's Young America showed Ma Marie, a country French collection for young girls, in turquoise, black and antique white. Bush Furniture came out with Bush Kidz, a playful collection of youth furniture that rests on MDF "feet," and holds up yellow MDF "hands." Curved drawer pulls are smiling "mouths." Prices on Thomasville's "Impromptu" and Sauder's "Beginnings" are aimed at those consumers furnishing a first home. Lexington Home Furnishings showed bedroom, dining room and occasional pieces in a new line called Lexington. Prices on those pieces are an average 10 to 15 percent lower than those of the company's well-known brands like Tommy Bahama and Nautica, said President Bob Stec. What Lexington has tried to do is emulate mass merchandiser Target, which has made style affordable, said Stec. For example, a bedroom now can be fitted out for $2,000-2,500 with the Lexington brand, compared to $3,500-4,000 with the others, he said. RELATED ARTICLE: Pass the remote, deal the cards--it's party time! By Hannah Miller The only thing bigger than the currently popular wide-screen TVs seems to be consumers' appetite for them. The Consumer Electronics Assn. projects Americans will buy 36 million new TVs this year, spending $8 billion more than last year. "The vast majority of television sales will be high definition 16 by 9 formats, and many of those will be 50- to 60-inch sets," said Kelly Cain, vice president and product manager at Stanley Furniture Industries. Hooker Furniture showed more consoles than entertainment centers at April's International Home Furnishings Market in High Point, NC. The company says they are an ideal solution for the 50- to 60-inch digital LCD (liquid crystal display) and DLP (digital light processing) rear projection tabletop TVs, which are usually 1520 inches deep and weigh about 100 pounds. Bush's versatile new Clarion Collection in the Eric Morgan line has a hutch on which a flat screen can hang, and a video base on which it or other TVs can stand. Hooker and Stanley showed what may be the ultimate in couch potato-dom, or in this case, bed potato-dom. It is a plasma screen that rises from a bed footboard, but can be turned at various angles for viewing from elsewhere in the room. Hooker's is in its Metropolitan View, a soft-edged contemporary collection. Stanley's is in Midnight Sun, also a soft contemporary look. Want more than a wooden panel covering your screen when it is not in use? In a new armoire-style entertainment center from Sligh Furniture, real books or curios occupy shelves above a TV, and a screen painted with faux books slides over the TV when not in use. Game Tables, Bars and More Despite all that TV to watch, manufacturers evidently think there is still a demand for hands-on entertainment. Game tables, where friends can gather over a deck of cards, are featured in several new collections. "The craze of celebrity poker on TV and the popularity of poker and game playing on college campuses and across America have created a demand for game room furniture," said Mike Space. Hooker's executive vice president/merchandising. Both the John Elway Home Collection from Bassett Furniture Industries and Hooker Furniture showed game tables paired with bars and, in the case of Hooker, a circular pool-cue rack with an etched-brass base. The Old West-inspired table in the Elway collection is made of solid oak and accented with cherry veneer. It has a hand-tooled leather playing surface with a reversible sunburst cherry top. Antiqued brass cup holders surround the border. The Elway Home Bar Setting has a freestanding bar, bar back, bar hutch, barstool and counter stool pieces. Hooker is entering the game room category for the first time with 15 items, including poker, card and game tables, game chairs, a counter-height game table, bars, bar stools and a pool cue stand. Most pieces are made of hardwood solids and cherry veneer, with accents of leather, black granite, etched brass and billiard-quality felt. Freestanding bars also were shown in several manufacturers' collections, without accompanying game tables. Such bars are said to be preferred by some consumers over built-ins because they can accompany a homeowner during a move. One such bar in Pulaski Furniture Corp.'s European-inspired Royale Collection is finished in medium brown cherry with gold-painted overlays. The top is deep gray granite. Broyhill's imported Continents collection features several styles, including one with rotating shelves on a lazy Susan device inside the bar. Bistro tables--square, bar-height tables usually seating four people--were shown with accompanying tall chairs in several collections, including Stanley's Midnight Sun and Hooker's game tables group. Lane Home Furnishings, which first introduced the bistro tables at the October 2004 market, now includes them in the company's Eddie Bauer and new Robert Idol collections. Bernhardt goes in the opposite direction. Its State Street Storage Cocktail is a table of many uses, with a padded leather top you can sit on or use as a footrest. When you feel like drinks or a snack, pull out the side trays. And if you want a little competition enliven the evening, pull out the center shelves for board games. Checkers, anyone?
2021 06 08
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