Knowledge Related to a History of Democratic Kampuchea (19751979)

A History of Democratic Kampuchea (19751979) (Khmer: (-)) is a 2007 Cambodian textbook written by Khamboly Dy. The 87-page textbook was commissioned by the Documentation Center of Cambodia (DC-Cam), with Dy becoming the first Cambodian to write a textbook about the period. Youk Chhang, then the Director of DC-Cam, supervised the project, while Wynne Cougill acted as both adviser and editor and American historian David P. Chandler acted as reviewer of the text. The book was published by DC-Cam five years after it began to advocate the inclusion of Khmer Rouge history to Cambodian school curriculum.

Until the book's publication, the Khmer Rouge period of Cambodian history had rarely been taught in Cambodian schools after the United Nations forced its removal from the general curriculum in the early 1990s, so as to encourage Khmer Rouge officials to join its talks for democracy. The book is now considered the definitive schoolbook on the four-year Khmer Rouge period of Cambodian history, and has been made mandatory in Cambodian high school education beginning in 2009.

• Other Related Knowledge of History

A history of taxon of Courtyard

All representative of genus Eptesicus from Eastern and Southern parts of Ukraine used to be referred to the species Eptesicus serotinus before, a new species was isolated from serotinus. A species was described by Ukrainian zoologist (teriologist) Igor Zagorodniuk in 2009 as a new species for science based on the material from Luhansk Oblast.

The taxonomy revision was conducted for the reason various mistakes in identification of Eptesicus species (as well as adjacent species, in particular Vespertili) occurred based on available identification guides.

The primary Ukrainian name of the species (ukr. ) is associated with the Siverskyi Donets river, where the most of the records of the species were known on a moment of its description.

As it is conceived in the species description, its name will be remained geographic but will be changed when the information on a species range will be expanded. The Latin name is associated with the presence of post-calcarial lobe on a calcar.


Personal history of throw in

Butterfield was born in Yorkshire, England in 1979, but later moved to Glasgow in Scotland. In 2011, she was diagnosed with a spinal tumor which resulted in her being paralysed below the waist.


Geography of history of fishing

The total area of the Romincka landscape is about 250 square kilometres (97sqmi), stretching from the Masurian Lake District in the southwest up to the border with Lithuania at Lake Vitytis in the east. The southern Polish part (about one-third of the area) comprises a protected zone known as Puszcza Romincka Landscape Park.

The Krasnaya River flows through the Romincka Forest. Major settlements in the area include Krasnolesye in Kaliningrad Oblast, as well as ytkiejmy and Godap in Poland.


Locations of punjab history

The following is a list of places known as Dadwal:

Dadwal village - Janauri, Hoshiarpar Punjab

Dadwal village - Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh.

Dadwal village - Pathankot, Punjab, India.

Dhadwal town- Narowal, Punjab, Pakistan.


Operational history of redline

In a review Michael McGoldrick wrote, "The Kelt 7.6 ... won the very prestigious "boat of the year" award at the 1980 Paris Boat Show. The Kelt successfully squeezed a lot of living space, including an aft head and a real chart table, in seaworthy and modern looking 25 footer. Because these boats were built in the mid-1980s, the Kelt is one of the newer 25 footer that can be found on the Canadian used market."


History and people of ottoman

Crimean Karaites - Crimean Khanate - Crimean People's Republic - Crimean Tatar diaspora - Crimean Tatar language - Crimean Tatars - Cumania - Deportation of the Crimean Tatars - Golden Horde - Kipchak people - Krymchaks - Lipka Tatars - Mongol Empire - Nogay - Tatars


Service history of steam engine

Miramichi was ordered on 23 February 1940 as part of the 19391940 construction programme. The minesweeper's keel was laid down by Burrard Dry Dock Co. Ltd. at Vancouver, British Columbia and the ship was launched on 2 September 1941. She was commissioned into the Royal Canadian Navy on 26 November 1941 at Vancouver.After commissioning, Miramichi spent the entire war alternating between service with Esquimalt Force and Prince Rupert Force as a minesweeping and patrol vessel. In the summer and fall of 1943, she was occasionally used as a training vessel. She was paid off 24 October 1945 at Esquimalt.

Following the war Miramichi was sold to the Union Steamship Co. of British Columbia in 1946. She was to be converted to a merchant vessel though that was never begun and instead the ship was sold for scrap and broken up at Vancouver in 19491950. The city of Miramichi possesses the vessel's bell, which is on display at city hall. The community received the naval bell, following naval tradition in the case of decommissioned Canadian ships named for towns and cities. The Canadian Forces Base Esquimalt Naval and Military Museum naval bell archive includes baptism information from HMCS Miramichi.


Recording history of transition metals

The 69 EyesBump 'n' Grind (1992)

Motor City Resurrection (1994)

Savage Garden (1995)

Wrap Your Troubles in Dreams (1997)

Wasting the Dawn (1999)

Blessed Be (2000)

Paris Kills (2002)

Framed in Blood - The Very Blessed of the 69 Eyes (2003)

Devils (2004)

Angels (2007)

The 69 Eyes: Hollywood Kills (2008)

Back in Blood (2009) (2012)

Universal Monsters (2016)BriardBriard (Revisited) (1996) session drums


Natural history of black grass

Laotian rock rats are found in regions of karst limestone. They appear to be found only among limestone boulders on hillsides. Villagers in the area are familiar with the animal, calling it kha-nyou, and trapping it for food. The animals are presumed to be nocturnal.

These rock rats appear to be predominantly herbivores, eating leaves, grass and seeds. They may eat insects, as well, but probably not in high abundance. Females may give birth to a single young.

Laotian rock rats appear to be quite docile and slow-moving over open ground. They walk with feet splayed outward in a gait described as duck-like. Although not ideal for mobility on open surfaces, this appears to be efficient when scrambling up and across large rocks. The sideways angle allows for greater surface area for their feet to find purchase on tilted or parallel surfaces.


Rules & History of am homes

The seven Bezirke in Bavaria each play their own cup competition, which in turn used to function as a qualifying to the German Cup (DFB-Pokal). Since 1998, these seven cup-winners plus the losing finalist of the region that won the previous event advance to the newly introduced Bavarian Cup, the Toto-Pokal. The two finalists of this competition advance to the German Cup. Bavarian clubs which play in the first or second Bundesliga are not permitted to take part in the event; their reserve teams however can. The seven regional cup winners were qualified for the first round. It was the last edition with only seven clubs. The following season, the competition was expanded to eight teams


History of the term of biological insecticides

According to a March 2005 draft entry for the Oxford English Dictionary, the term first came into use in the early 1990s, with published examples including the August 22, 1992 issue of the New Scientist and an October 12, 1994 reference in The Guardian society section:

Beetle banks, a recent initiative by the Game Conservancy Trust, would also help encourage ground-nesting birds while creating cover for aphid-eating bugs with more pay-off in savings on aphicides.


Company history of 4x4x4

KinetX, Inc. was founded in 1992, and was approached shortly thereafter by Motorola for assistance in developing and implementing the Iridium satellite constellation ground system. In early 1993 several members of KinetX began working on the systems engineering for the Iridium command and control system. KinetX later provided engineering support and software development for companies such as Lockheed, Boeing, Aerojet, Spectrum Astro (now part of General Dynamics C4 Systems) and TRW.


Electoral history of b&q furniture board

Minneapolis Mayoral Election, 1870

Eli B. Ames 1,005

Paris Gibson 782

Henry G. Sidle 1

Write-Ins and Scattering 7

Minneapolis Mayoral Election, 1871

Eli B. Ames 1,083

Alfred Elisha Ames 557

Minneapolis Mayoral Election, 1873

George A. Brackett 2,188

Eli B. Ames 1,362


Playing history of hearts

A slightly-built but very pacy striker, Colquhoun was a popular and prolific goalscorer for his hometown club Stirling Albion. He was signed by Celtic in 1983. He moved to Edinburgh club Hearts in 1985. Colquhoun helped the club achieve its best performances in many years, only losing the 198586 Scottish Premier Division on goal difference thanks to a last day defeat at Dundee. He earned 2 international caps for Scotland, against Saudi Arabia and Malta, in 1988.

Colquhoun played for Millwall and Sunderland in the early 1990s. He returned to Hearts in 1993. He scored the Hearts goal in the 1996 Scottish Cup Final, a 5-1 defeat by Rangers. Colquhoun spent a month with Scottish First Division side St Johnstone in 1997 and helped them win promotion. He retired at the end of the 199697 season, having played in over 450 league games and scored well over 100 league goals.


Description and history of the arches national park

Built in 1903 it served as an Episcopal church in the past. It is an example of Late Gothic Revival style architecture. The large stone building displays simple massing, buttresses and cut stone detailing that exemplifies that style. On the south facade the arched entry, in a projecting bay, is echoed by the large sanctuary window. This fenestration features a Tudor arch and extensive tracery. The building is located at 787 E. Broad Street. Thes stone building is the second church built by the local Episcopalian congregation. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on December 17, 1986 as part of a group of properties the, "East Broad Street Multiple Resource Area".


Performance history

The opera was not very successful, and was only staged a few times during Strauss' lifetime:

The first performance took place on 10 May 1894 at the Grossherzogliches Hoftheater in Weimar. The soprano role of Freihild was sung by Pauline de Ahna, Strauss's future wife. Later performances conducted by Strauss included those in Munich on 16 November 1895 and in Prague on 9 October 1901. A performance in Frankfurt was given on 9 March 1910 conducted by Ludwig Rottenberg.

The revised version was first given in Weimar on 29 October 1940, conducted by Paul Sixt, and later in 1942 in Berlin conducted by Robert Heger.

In Hamburg, on 4 February 1895, Gustav Mahler included the Prelude to Act 1 in his 6th Philharmonic Concert. He included the Preludes to Acts 1 and 2 in a concert in Vienna on 19 February 1899, and in New York on 30 March 1910 with the New York Philharmonic.


Publication history of universal solvent

Ann O'Brien was created by writer/artist Art Adams, who conceived of Monkeyman & O'Brien as series that would enable him to draw monsters similar to the classic movie monsters that he enjoyed in his youth, like Godzilla, King Kong and the Universal Monsters. Adams named O'Brien in tribute to Fay Wray's character, Ann Darrow, from King Kong and that film's special effects creator Willis O'Brien,

The character debuted in Dark Horse Presents #80 (December 1993) in a story titled "A Monkeyman & O'Brien Adventure: Tortorus". She next appeared in a backup story entitled "Who Are Monkeyman and O'Brien?" in Mike Mignola's 1994 series Hellboy: Seed of Destruction. The character made further appearances in several short stories in Dark Horse Presents, a three book limited series titled Monkeyman and O'Brien (1996), and a crossover miniseries Gen 13/Monkeyman and O'Brien (1998). The character's last published appearance was in 1999 in a comic strip in Dark Horse Extra, newspaper style comics fanzine.


Biography of punjab history

Early lifeSahir Hoshiarpuri was born on 5 March 1913 and raised in Hoshiarpur, Punjab, India. He received his education at Government College. He earned his M.A degree in Persian in 1935. He was a disciple of Josh Malsiyani who belonged to the Daagh School of Urdu Poetry.

During his college days he came into contact with Mehr Lal Soni Zia Fatehabadi who was studying at Forman Christian College nearby Lahore, their friendship lasted a lifetime. They were both residing in Kanpur. He died on 18 December 1994 in Delhi, India.


Early history of educational psychology

The Fowler & Wells Company was a scientific institution that had a worldwide reputation. For 57 years, its founders and owners maintained an office in New York City, and were the recognized leaders in the phrenological, physiological, and hygienic sciences. For half a century, they were the main educators in these branches of study. The organization was located at 27 East 21st Street, near Broadway. The work was inaugurated by Orson Squire Fowler and Lorenzo Niles Fowler in 1835. They were the first in America to give the science of phrenology a practical value by making special delineations of character. They began work in a small way, but steadily increased its scope. In 1843, they were joined by Samuel Roberts Wells, who subsequently married Charlotte Fowler, the sister of his partners. Later, the Fowler brothers withdrew from the publishing house. Orson died in 1887. Lorenzo continued his professional practice in London. Samuel Wells conducted the business of the original house until his death, in 1875, and Charlotte Fowler assumed the management until 1884.

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Glassware encompasses everything from tableware to drinking ware and decorative ware. To describe each and every item would take a long time. Glassware has been used for centuries to serve food and drink. Today, glassware remains a pivotal element in our daily existence.Drinking ware which include drinking glasses ranging from cocktail glasses to various goblets, wine glasses and champagne glasses, are integral when entertaining. Let us look into the vast foray of cups, paying specific attention to teacups, coffee cups and mugs.A teacup is a small apparatus that is handled with the thumb and fingers, one or two at a time. Many are created using ceramic, although those made from glass are widely used around the world. A teacup comes primarily in a set, inclusive of a saucer. A good teacup set comes with its own matching teapot, jug for creamer and milk and also a sugar bowl with a lid. As a basis of comparison, teacups are usually more ample and diminutive than coffee cups, as tea is a beverage meant to be sipped slowly.Teacups connoisseurs usually covet those which are unique in designs and forms, and always with the matching saucers. In fact, a complete teaset also has teaspoons which bear similar designs to the cups and saucers.One of the original teacups created for drinking purposes were first discovered in Europe, and were imported from Japan's Imari port. In the Far East, teacups are more like mini-bowls, as they do not possess handles. The ones inspired by the Europeans' Meissen, also did not have handles attached.Teacups used by the Chinese are even smaller than their Japanese counterparts, and can hold only a minuscule amount of tea. These teacups were meant to be used together with the legendary Yi Xing and Gaiwan teapots.Modern teacups are wider and easier to maneuver.Coffee cups were traditionally made from glazed ceramic, although just like contemporary tea cups, coffee cups are also popular in glass. A typical coffee cup has an expansive single handle, which enables the drinker to hold the cup carefully while the beverage inside is piping hot. Coffee cups made of glass are thicker, so that they would not break easily when washed.Espresso and cappuccino cups are used for drinking specific types of coffee, which explains their smaller dimensions. Coffee cups are also widely used as promotional items and available with many slogans and designs, targeted for the mass market. After dinner coffee cups are also accompanied by tiny coffee spoons. Ones which are made of glass are fast becoming coveted items.Mugs were created sturdier than both tea and coffee cups and utilized to drink a multitude of hot beverages from cocoa to chocolate. Mugs are built latger, and come with handles to house a bigger amount of liquids. Mugs are not used for formal dining however, as they are perceived to be more casual drinking ware.Modern day mugs are made from bone china, porcelain or earthenware, but the ones made from strengthened glass, such as those from Pyrex have also become drinking staples in many homes.
2021 07 04
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Knowledge Related to Timeline of Romani History
The Romani people have long been a part of the collective mythology of the West, where they were (and very often still are) depicted as outsiders, aliens, and a threat. For centuries they were enslaved in Eastern Europe and hunted in Western Europe: the Poajmos, Hitler's attempt at genocide, was one violent link in a chain of persecution that encompassed countries generally considered more tolerant of minorities, such as the United Kingdom and Denmark. Even today, while there is a surge of Romani self-identification and pride, restrictive measures are being debated and passed by democratic states to curb the rights of the Romani people.It is generally thought that the Romanies, because they had no written language until relatively recently, have origins obscured by some mythical past. Although there are many unanswered questions, much more is known about the Romanies than is assumed. 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Things You May Want to Know About History of Paper
An Introduction to history of paperJohn James Knight (7 June 1863 24 November 1927) was an Australian journalist, newspaper editor and historianCareer of history of paperGouge worked as an editor of the Philadelphia Gazette until 1831, gaining a reputation as an expert on the American monetary system. In 1829, Gouge joined several members of the Working Men's Party and some other Philadelphians in publishing an influential report that claimied that banks "laid the foundation of artificial inequality of wealth, and, thereby, artificial inequality of power." In 1833, Gouge published A Short History of Paper Money and Banking in the United States, arguing that banks had a tendency to issue too many bank notes, thereby triggering speculative booms and contributing to inequality. He further held that only precious metals could serve as currency, since, according to Gouge, precious metals were the lone medium of exchange with appropriate levels of both intrinsic value and scarcity. He thus advocated for the abolition of all paper money, starting with bills of smaller denominations. According to historian Paul Conkin, Gouge's treatise was the "most widely read book on serious economic issues" in U.S. history prior to the publication of Progress and Poverty in 1879. It was also republished in Britain by William Cobbett and in Canada by William Lyon Mackenzie.A Short History of Paper Money Banking in the United States was well-received by members of President Andrew Jackson's administration. At the behest of Vice President Martin Van Buren and Senator Thomas Hart Benton, Gouge was appointed to a clerkship in the United States Department of Treasury. Along with Condy Raguet, Gouge proposed the creation of an independent treasury system, whereby the federal government would store its funds as specie in government-controlled vaults, rather than relying on state banks or the national bank. Influenced by this proposal, President Van Buren (who took office following the 1836 presidential election) called for the establishment of the Independent Treasury, and Congress approved it in June 1840. The Independent Treasury system was abolished in 1841 following Van Buren's defeat in the 1840 presidential election, but the system was revived in 1846 and remained in place until the passage of the Federal Reserve Act in 1913.Topics of history of paperThe book consists of six chapters, the first of which introduces the problem, sets it in the context of the investigation of the mathematical strength of straightedge and compass constructions, and introduces one of the major themes of the book, the relegation of paper folding to recreational mathematics as this sort of investigation fell out of favor among professional mathematicians, and its more recent resurrection as a serious topic of investigation. As a work of history, the book follows Hans-Jrg Rheinberger in making a distinction between epistemic objects, the not-yet-fully-defined subjects of scientific investigation,and technical objects, the tools used in these investigations, and it links the perceived technicality of folding with its fall from mathematical favor.The remaining chapters are organized chronologically, beginning in the 16th century and the second chapter. This chapter includes the work of Albrecht Drer on polyhedral nets, arrangements of polygons in the plane that can be folded to form a given polyhedron, and of Luca Pacioli on the use of folding to replace the compass and straightedge in geometric constructions; it also discusses the history of paper, and paper folding in the context of bookbinding. The third chapter discusses the confluence of Arabic and European mathematics, into the 18th century, with topics including the symmetries of folded objects and the attempted use of folding to prove the parallel postulate. Although Eugenio Beltrami continued to use folded models to investigate non-Euclidean geometry into the 19th century, the fourth chapter of the book argues that other 19th-century uses of folding were more pedagogical, including the use of folded models to demonstrate mathematical concepts, their applications in chemistry, and the introduction of folding into kindergarten programs by Friedrich Frbel. The late 19th century also saw the publication in India and then the west of the book Geometric Exercises in Paper Folding, by T. Sundara Row.The final two chapters concern the 20th century and current topics of research in this area. They include work on formalizing paper folding as a form of axiomatic geometry beginning with Margherita Piazzola Beloch, the work of Wilhelm Ahrens in recreational mathematics, and the community of mathematical researchers coming together through the series of International Meetings of Origami Science and Technology (now known as the International Conference on Origami in Science, Math, and Education), and through works popularizing this area within mathematics such as the book Geometric Folding Algorithms by Erik Demaine and Joseph O'Rourke. Appendices include a translation of Beloch's work in this area, and a response to the book The Fold: Leibniz and the Baroque by Gilles Deleuze.
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Knowledge Related to Early History of Thailand
The known early history of Thailand begins with the earliest major archaeological site at Ban Chiang. Dating of artifacts from this site is controversial, but there is a consensus that at least by 3600 BCE, inhabitants had developed bronze tools and had begun to cultivate wet rice, providing the impetus for social and political organisation.Later, Malay, Mon, and Khmer civilisations flourished in the region prior to the domination of the Thais, most notably the kingdom of Srivijaya in the south, the Dvaravati kingdom in central Thailand, and the Khmer Empire based at Angkor.The Thai are part of a larger ethno-linguistic group known as the Tai, a group which includes the Lao, the people of the Shan region of northeastern Burma, the Zhuang people of Guangxi Province in China and the Th people and Nng people of northern Vietnam. Migrations from southern China to Southeast Asia took place primarily during the first millennium CE, most likely via northern Laos.During the first millennium CE the Tai peoples were loosely organised in small entities known as muang. They were heavily influenced by the more advanced cultures around them: the Khmer to the east, and the Hindu cultures of India to the west. Most of the Tai were converted to a form of Hinduism, traces of which can still be seen in Thai religious practice today. Between the 6th and 9th centuries CE, Buddhism was introduced into the Tai-speaking lands, probably via Burma, and became the dominant religion. The Theravada Buddhism now practiced in Thailand was introduced by missionaries from Sri Lanka in the 13th century.Phongsawadannuea (Chronicle of the North) is a historical record of this period. The date of its first compilation is unknown, but its content stretches from 500 CE down to the early 11th century. The recent edition was compiled in early Rattanakosin period.• Other Related Knowledge of HistoryCouncil history of concord 2.0With the passing of The Municipalities Act, 1858, on 14 February 1860 residents of the eastern section of the St Leonards district petitioned the Colonial Government for the incorporation of the area as a "St Leonards East Municipality". This petition was subsequently accepted and the Governor of New South Wales, Sir William Denison, proclaimed the establishment of the "Municipality of East St Leonards" on 17 August 1860.Colonel George Barney, of Wotonga House, Kirribilli, was appointed as Returning Officer for the first election to be held at Dind's Hotel in Milsons Point on 13 September 1860. However, owing to "dissatisfaction caused by the limited extent of the municipal boundaries" the electors at the meeting refused to nominate anyone for the Council. As a result, while the Municipality de jure continued to exist, it was not until The Municipalities Act of 1867 came into effect in February 1868 that the Colonial Government tried again to elect a functioning council for the now-"Borough" of East St Leonards, with Frederic Lassetter appointed to conduct a new election.The first council, comprising six Aldermen and two auditors, was first elected on 4 February 1868, and the first Mayor, William Tucker, was elected on 10 February. Dind's Hotel in Alfred Street, Milsons Point, acted as the Council Chambers until 1886 when the East St Leonards Town Hall, also on Alfred Street and designed by future mayor Walter Liberty Vernon, was completed. The foundation of the Town Hall was laid by former mayor, George Matcham Pitt, on 24 October 1885, and opened on 13 May 1886 by Sir Henry Parkes.On 8 January 1889, Council was divided into four wards electing three Aldermen respectively: North, South, East and West Wards.The Borough lasted until 29 July 1890 when it merged with the Borough of St Leonards (1867) and the Borough of Victoria (1871) to form the "Borough of North Sydney". The North Sydney Municipal Council first met in the 1885 East St Leonards Town Hall on Alfred Street, Milsons Point, using it until 1926.------Description and history of e 12District E is located near the west portion of the historic former Amoskeag millyard, once one of the largest textile manufacturing companies in the world. It is located on the west side of McGregor Street, just north of the Notre Dame Bridge. The district consists of five wood-frame houses, built to two different plans. All are 2 stories in height, and were originally finished with wooden clapboards. Architecturally they are best described as Stick style structures, with varying roof lines and projecting sections. Each has a single-story kitchen ell, and originally also had a carriage barn at the rear of the property.When the Amoskeag Company mills were first developed in the 1830s and 1840s, housing for overseers and supervisors was typically of brick construction, and set above (and further from the mill than) the more tenement-style housing of the workers. These were all located on the east side of the river, and the first mills built on the west side did not have associated worker housing. These five houses were built in 1889 to address a need for supervisor housing in those mills. They originally had a view of the river, which was obscured by the construction of the Coolidge Mill in 1909.------History and programming of free state of jonesTed Anderson is the owner of Genesis Communications Network. Anderson created the network in 1998 as a way to promote his company, Midas Resources, a precious metals firm which as of September 11, 2015, Theodore Anderson's bullion coin representative registration, No. 40389579, was revoked. Further, Theodore Anderson was prohibited from being an owner, officer, member, or shareholder of any entity that holds a bullion coin dealer registration in the State of Minnesota for two years. Based in Minnesota, the network carries "a lot of conspiracy talk radio". "By far the biggest star" on the network is Alex Jones, a conspiracy theorist who became one of Genesis Communications Network's first personalities in 1998. Jones promotes the 9/11 Truth movement and claims that the Boston Marathon bombing, Washington Navy Yard shooting, and other events "are actually 'false flag' operations" by the U.S. government "or evil 'globalist' forces planning to take over the world." Jones' syndication with the network allowed him to reach a much larger audience; "almost overnight, he was on a hundred stations.". As of September 2020, GCN's affiliate list for Alex Jones shows the program currently airs on 73 stations..------Newspaper history of braidwoodsThe Golden Age was a free local newspaper first published on the 15th of September 1860. The paper was established by local proprietor and former Methodist minister John Gale.In the opening editorial on page 2 of the first edition, the editors promised to provide unbiased political commentary on the activities of both local and colonial parliamentary, judicial and police courts declaring the paper to be "uninfluenced by fear or favour". Refusing to adopt the middle ground in its commentary, the editors acknowledged that views expressed may be divisive, however, the readership was assured the "...single aim will at all times be, - THE ADVANCEMENT OF THE PUBLIC GOOD".The paper was committed to promoting growth within the region particularly in the "...advocacy of local improvements and urging the development of natural resources". Also of concern to the editors was the health of the social body within the region with special care taken "to introduce only such matter as will be calculated to improve the morals and the mind of our readers".Through his paper John Gale supported free selection and advocated reform in local administration. In 1866 he joined the committee of the new Free Selectors' Protection Association and the local school board. The newspaper did not prosper and he moved in August 1867 to Braidwood where he founded the Braidwood Independent, but in November, after a petition from Queanbeyan residents, he reopened the Queanbeyan Age.In 1904 the paper became The Age until it returned again to the name of Queanbeyan Age in 1907. Merging with the Queanbeyan Observer in 1915, it became the Queanbeyan Age and the Queanbeyan Observer and was published until 1927. It merged again with the Canberra Advocate to become the Queanbeyan Age and Canberra Advocate and in July/August 1927 it again became the Queanbeyan Age, after absorbing The Queanbeyan Leader.The paper is currently published as the Queanbeyan Age.------History and architecture of reading framesThe choir and its apse-like projection to the east are the oldest parts of Krklingbo Church. This part of the church originally formed the nave and choir of an earlier church; an inscription mentions its inauguration in 1211. The present nave and sacristy were built around 1300, and thus incorporated these earlier elements. The east window in the apse-like projection dates from the reconstruction circa 1300. The two main portals of the church also date from this later building period. They are richly decorated with sculptures depicting religious motifs and ornamentation. A proper church tower was never built; the spire probably dates from the 18th century but was remade during a renovation in 1908.Inside, the church is decorated with murals. Most of these date from the early 13th century and depict religious scenes. During the reconstruction of the church around 1300, some of the murals were damaged. Three scenes were furthermore added in 1908. The church has also been decorated internally by the use of alternating stones of different colours in many of the details such as the window frames.The church houses a number of medieval items. The altarpiece was manufactured on Gotland at the beginning of the 16th century. The triumphal cross is older, from the end of the 13th century, and is still in the Romanesque tradition. The choir benches, lastly, date from the 14th century. The baptismal font and the unusual pulpit are both from the second half of the 17th century, and Baroque in style.------Wiltshire Victoria County History Committee (19472014) of tax preparationThe committee was established in 1947. It did not control the day-to-day work of the staff (who were initially employed by the University of London and later by the University of the West of England), but from the early days of the Wiltshire County History project the committee was responsible for ensuring that funding was available for staff salaries and other expenses, offices provided, and suitable projects undertaken. The members of the Committee represented the main financial contributors to the project (initially these were Wiltshire County Council and other local authorities in Wiltshire, and by 2009 Wiltshire Council and the University of the West of England), and also the Central Committee of the Victoria County History, the University of Winchester, the Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society and the Wiltshire Local History Forum. The Lord Lieutenant of Wiltshire, as Custos rotulorum, was also an honorary member of the Committee.The Committee was wound up in 2014 after all major contributors had withdrawn their funding for the Wiltshire VCH, so that there were no longer any partners to be represented. At that point, the project was handed over to the Wiltshire VCH Trust, with support from the national organisation of the Victoria County History.Chairmen of the CommitteeWilliam Robert Robins OBE (19471959)J. L. Calderwood CBE (19591960)S. V. Christie-Miller CBE (19611968)Sir Henry Langton DSO DSC (19691974)F. A. Willan CBE, DFC, (19741981)Nigel J. M. Anderson MC MBE (19811985)D. J. Matthews (19851989)V. C. S. Landell-Mills (19892001)Patricia E. G. Courtman KDC (20012002)Christopher Newbury (20022014)------History and taxonomy of annals of the new york academy of sciencesThe species was first described by entomologist Nicholas Marcellus Hentz in 1845 in the Boston Journal of Natural History. Hentz named the species Attus sexpunctatus and described it as follows:"Black; cephalothorax with the two posterior eyes near the base, which is wide and suddenly inclined at nearly a right angle with the upper surface, cheliceres with a strong inner tooth, and a long, curved fang; abdomen with six dots, and a line in front, white; feet, 1. 4. 2. 3., first pair with enlarged thighs and quite long."Hentz classified A.sexpunctatus in the subgeneric group Pugnatoriae, which consisted of jumping spiders whose first pair of legs were the longest, followed by the fourth pair. Later entomologists abandoned this classification, which Hentz himself admitted was "somewhat artificial". In 1888, with the recognition of Zygoballus as an independent genus, American arachnologists George and Elizabeth Peckham renamed the spider Zygoballus sexpunctatus. Specimens of Z.sexpunctatus are housed at the Museum of Comparative Zoology, the British Museum, the Milwaukee Public Museum, the American Museum of Natural History, and the Musum National d'Histoire Naturelle. No type specimens are known.The genus Zygoballus contains approximately twenty species distributed from the United States to Argentina. Zygoballus is classified in the subfamily Dendryphantinae of the family Salticidae (jumping spiders).
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Knowledge Related to the Natural History of Aleppo
The Natural History of Aleppo is a 1756 book by naturalist Alexander Russell on the natural history of Aleppo. In 1794 his half-brother, Patrick Russell, revised and expanded the text in a second edition. The book is significant for its quality, the contemporary interest it attracted, and for being a product of the Scottish Enlightenment.When the book was published it was immediately an important European record and perspective on the state of contemporary science in Syria.The book contains the earliest known description of the Syrian hamster.• Other Related Knowledge of HistoryFirsts in local history of kellerAlphabetized by parish nameAscension ParishJane Margaret Triche-Milazzo: First female appointed as a Judge of the Twenty-Third Judicial District in Louisiana (2008) Ascension, Assumption, and St. James Parishes, LouisianaAssumption ParishJane Margaret Triche-Milazzo: First female appointed as a Judge of the Twenty-Third Judicial District in Louisiana (2008) Ascension, Assumption, and St. James Parishes, LouisianaBossier ParishCarrie Keller (c. 1915): First female lawyer in Shreveport, Louisiana Bossier and Caddo Parishes, LouisianaCaddo ParishCarrie Keller (c. 1915): First female lawyer in Shreveport, Louisiana Bossier and Caddo Parishes, LouisianaDeSoto ParishAmy Burford-McCartney: First female judge elected in the Forty-Second Judicial District in Louisiana (2016) DeSoto Parish, LouisianaEast Carroll ParishAlwine Louise Smith Ragland (1935): First female to become a Judge of the Sixth Judicial District in Louisiana (1974) East Carroll, Madison, and Tensas Parishes, LouisianaFranklin ParishAnn B. McIntyre (1977): First female lawyer in Franklin Parish, Louisiana (specifically Winnsboro, Louisiana) and Judge of the Fifth Judicial District in Louisiana Franklin, Richland and West Carroll Parishes, LouisianaIberville ParishCatherine D. Kimball (1970): First female elected as a Judge of the Eighteenth Judicial District Court (1983) Iberville, Pointe Coupee, and West Baton Rouge Parishes, LouisianaJefferson ParishJo Ellen Grant and Martha E. Sassone: First female judges respectively in Jefferson Parish, LouisianaJune Berry Darensburg: First African American female elected to a judgeship in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana (2006)Lafayette ParishDiana Simon: First female litigator in Lafayette, Louisiana Lafayette Parish, Louisiana Lafourche ParishKristine Russell: First female District Attorney for the Lafourche Parish, Louisiana (2018)Marla Abel: First female judge in Lafourche Parish, Louisiana (upon her appointment as a Judge of the 17th Judicial District Court in 2020)Madison ParishAlwine Louise Smith Ragland (1935): First female to become a Judge of the Sixth Judicial District in Louisiana (1974) East Carroll, Madison, and Tensas Parishes, LouisianaOrleans ParishBernette Joshua Johnson (1969): First female (and African American female) to serve as a Judge of the Orleans Parish Civil District Court (1984) and its Chief Judge (1994)Angelique Reed: First African American (female) to serve as a Judge of New Orleans' First City Civil District Court (1998) and its Senior JudgeMiriam Waltzer: First female judge to be elected to Orleans Parish Criminal District Court, LouisianaKim M. Boyle: First African American female (and African American overall) to serve as the President of the New Orleans Bar Association (2003)Keva Landrum-Johnson: First female District Attorney for the Orleans Parish, Louisiana (2007)Pointe Coupee ParishCatherine D. Kimball (1970): First female elected as a Judge of the Eighteenth Judicial District Court (1983) Iberville, Pointe Coupee, and West Baton Rouge Parishes, LouisianaRapides ParishMonique F. Rauls (1993): First African American female judge in Rapides Parish, LouisianaRae Swent: First female appointed as a Judge of the Ninth Judicial District in Louisiana Rapides Parish, LouisianaRichland ParishAnn B. McIntyre (1977): First female appointed as a Judge of the Fifth Judicial District in Louisiana Franklin, Richland and West Carroll Parishes, LouisianaSt. Bernard ParishJeanne Juneau: First female judge in St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana (2013)St. James ParishJane Margaret Triche-Milazzo: First female appointed as a Judge of the Twenty-Third Judicial District in Louisiana (2008) Ascension, Assumption, and St. James Parishes, LouisianaSt. John the Baptist ParishBridget A. Dinvaut: First African American female elected as the District Attorney for St. John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana (2015)St. Tammany ParishPatricia Hedges: First female appointed as a Judge of the Twenty-Second Judicial District Court in Louisiana (1995) St. Tammany and Washington Parishes, LouisianaTensas ParishAlwine Louise Smith Ragland (1935): First female to become a Judge of the Sixth Judicial District in Louisiana (1974) East Carroll, Madison, and Tensas Parishes, LouisianaTerrebonne ParishDixie Brown: First female prosecutor in Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana (1979)Washington ParishPatricia Hedges: First female appointed as a Judge of the Twenty-Second Judicial District Court in Louisiana (1995) St. Tammany and Washington Parishes, LouisianaWest Baton Rouge ParishCatherine D. Kimball (1970): First female elected as a Judge of the Eighteenth Judicial District Court (1983) Iberville, Pointe Coupee, and West Baton Rouge Parishes, LouisianaWest Carroll ParishAnn B. McIntyre (1977): First female appointed as a Judge of the Fifth Judicial District in Louisiana Franklin, Richland and West Carroll Parishes, Louisiana------History of environmental science & technology abbreviationMaharaja Nandakumar, the political acumen and great martyr of 18th Century Bengal, was the Faujdar of Hooghly and Zamindar (Land-owner) of Basudevpur Mouza, now known as Nandakumar in the district of Purba Medinipur which he got as a gift for his help as a revenue officer to Maharani of Tamluk during her troubled times.Being born in a noble Brahmin family on 1705 at Bhadrapur, Birbhum he was educated in Sanskrit and Arabic, but soon joined as a revenue officer like his father Padnava Roy under East India Company. As a robust personality his firmness and resoluteness confirmed the evil eye of East India Company, particularly Lord Warren Hastings, the then Governor General of Bengal for not supporting misdeeds for his personal gain using the chief post of east India company, As a result , he was mooted as a victim of a forgery case of a deed of one Bulaki Das and ultimately he was accused by the law of the British in place of the Country law particularly when the East India Company was not the supreme ruler of the Country. As justice was denied without allowing a chance of self-defense, he was sentenced to death and was hanged by the British on 5th August, 1775, at Cooli Bazar, Kolkata. The tragedy of his death has remained still like a ballad in the mind of the people of Bengal.To commemorate his death and as a long historical legacy of region, the newly found college has been named after him as MAHARAJA NANDAKUMAR MAHAVIDYALAYA. It is situated at the centre of the police station of Nandakumar and surrounded by a high academic environmental zone initially with the support and auspices of ICARE, Haldia, to cater humanistic and scientific knowledge and to uphold the holistic approach to the people of local community in order to generate growth and prosperity of this region as a whole. The local representative of the Legislative Assembly also took initiative for the establishment of this degree college. Kalyan Sebashram Sangha, a pioneer and benevolent organization extended its support with a donation of 5.33 acre of valuable land. Finally, the approval from the Higher Education Department, Government of W.B. and the affiliation from Vidyasagar University, Medinipur, made the foundation of this Mahavidyalaya into reality on the auspicious day, the 6th August, 2007.Though the college in its infant stage was temporarily running in a building of District Child Welfare Department, it was shifted to its own Campus on the 2nd of January, 2015, at Bhabanipur, Kalyanchak. It is now situated by the side of Digha-Howrah High Road, only two kilometer away from NH-41 Crossing. Honble M.P, Tamluk Parliamentary Constituency and Chairman of Haldia Development of Authority, Sri Suvendu Adhikary is gracious enough to allot grants into two phases of Rs. 2.20 Crore for the construction of the present building. At present it has become one of the leading burgeoning colleges under Vidyasagar University. Now the college has been included under Sections 2F and 12B of UGC Act.The college also has a unit of Netaji Subhas Open University which offers 7(Seven) PG course programmes. The process to get NAAC accreditation towards an all-round improvement of the college has been undertaken since then in collaboration with the IQAC, formed in 2016, and other stakeholders who have been working relentlessly to maintain the internal quality of teaching - learning and academic excellence.
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Knowledge Related to Cogito and the History of Madness
"Cogito and the History of Madness" is a 1963 paper by the French philosopher Jacques Derrida that critically responds to Michel Foucault's book History of Madness. In this paper, Derrida questions the intentions and feasibility of Foucault's book, particularly in relation to the historical importance attributed by Foucault to the treatment of madness by Descartes in the Meditations on First Philosophy. Derrida's paper began a high-profile exchange between Derrida and Foucault as well as a considerable amount of attention from scholars. Foucault responded directly to Derrida in an appendix added to the 1972 edition of the History of Madness titled "My body, this paper, this fire." Derrida again considered Foucault's 1961 text on madness with "To do Justice to Freud: The History of madness in the age of psychoanalysis" in 1991. The exchange between Derrida and Foucault was sometimes acrimonious and it is said that "the two writers stopped communicating for ten years." Commentators on the exchange include Shoshana Felman, Gayatri Spivak, Geoffrey Bennington, Slavoj iek, Edward Sad, Rmi Brague, Manfred Frank, and Christopher Norris.It has been stated that Derrida first used the neologism diffrance in "Cogito and the History of Madness".• Other Related Knowledge of HistoryStructure of the paper of HistoryEpigraphsDerrida prefaces the paper with two quotations. The first quotation is Sren Kierkegaard stating that "The instant of decision is madness". Kierkegaard characterises the instant of decision as madness because it is only when one choice is not clearly superior to another when reason fails to indicate which option is better that a choice really needs to be made. The second quotation is James Joyce stating of Ulysses that "In any event this book was terribly daring. A transparent sheet separates it from madness."Point of departureDerrida states that his point of departure for "Cogito and the History of Madness" is Foucault's 1961 book Folie et draison. Derrida's paper primarily relies on two sections of Foucault's work, the original 1961 preface in which Foucault makes a number of general comments about the book, setting forth his intentions and methodology, and two and a half pages at the start of the second chapter where Foucault links Descartes to an historical event that silenced madness at the end of the classical age. Foucault's 1961 text was heavily abridged for a popular edition in 1964 that formed the basis for Richard Howard's translation of the text into English as Madness and Civilization. The abridged 1964 edition removed the pages concerning Descartes on which Derrida had explicitly based his argument in "Cogito and the History of Madness." These pages on Descartes were only made available in English with Jean Khalfa's 2006 translation of Foucault's work on madness.Allusion to HegelDerrida makes an allusion to the masterslave dialectic in Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit in the opening pages of "Cogito and the History of Madness."Argument concerning DescartesFoucault writes at the start of the second chapter of Madness and Civilization of a strange violent event that silenced madness at the end of the renaissance and the beginning of the classical age. He then discusses the treatment of madness by Descartes in the Meditations on First Philosophy. Foucault argues that Descartes refuses to recognise a commonality between himself and people who are mad and uses this dissociation as an excuse not to take madness seriously as a grounds for doubt. For Foucault this exclusion of madness by Descartes leads to a cogito that is more or less arbitrarily self-assured of its own rationality.Derrida argues that Descartes might appear to dismiss madness at the point of the meditation to which Foucault refers but shortly after this takes madness seriously as a ground for doubt when he considers the possibility of there being an evil demon controlling his thoughts. Derrida argues that Descartes includes the possibility of his own madness when he hypothesises that an evil demon could corrupt even the most assured and reasonable judgements he can make, such as those of basic arithmetic. Derrida argues that madness is not subject to an arbitrary exclusion by Descartes but that once Descartes earnestly but momentarily enters into the hypothesis of the evil demon he must be reassured by the ordered operative norms of his language and project of self-reflection.------Presentation and publication of HistoryDerrida presented the paper Cogito and the History of Madness at the Collge Philosophique in 1963. Derrida sent a letter inviting Foucault to attend this presentation. The paper was subsequently published in the Revue de mtaphysique et de morale in 1963 with the addition of a short passage inserted between brackets. Additional notes to the paper were published in the next issue of the Revue de mtaphysique et de morale in 1964. The paper was subject to a further revision for its inclusion in the 1967 collection L'criture et la diffrence. The paper was translated into English by Alan Bass in 1978 as part of Writing and Difference.
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Know About History of Measles
An Introduction to history of measlesThe Division of Global Migration and Quarantine (DGMQ) is the part of the U.S. government responsible for U.S. Quarantine Stations and issuing quarantine orders. It is part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases.The U.S. Quarantine Stations work at 20 major ports of entry where most international travelers arrive, to help prevent contagious diseases from entering and spreading through the United States. Because of US federal regulations, pilots of ships and planes must report to CDC any illnesses and deaths before arriving into the United States. Quarantine public health officers work with U.S. Customs and Border Protection and emergency medical services to also detect sick travelers entering the country. Quarantine officers also screen imported animals and biologics to ensure safety from diseases dangerous to humans.Activities of history of measlesU.S. Quarantine Stations are staffed with public health and medical officers from the Quarantine and Border Health Services Branch. They usually consist of a small group of staff, office space, and patient isolation rooms.Human healthWhen illnesses are reported to CDC at ports of entry, quarantine officers are the first responders. They assess health situations with the goal of both protecting communities from disease spread and directing sick travelers to appropriate care. These officers decide whether sick travelers can enter the United States or continue to travel. Quarantine officers collect medical information from new arrivals, including immigrants, refugees, parolees, and asylees and inform local health departments in their destination locations about health issues that need follow-up.Medical inadmissibility can be based on four conditions: a communicable disease of public health significance, a physical or mental disorder with harmful behavior, drug abuse or addiction, or, for immigrant visa applicants, lack of required vaccinations. These are further divided based on a physician panel into Class A conditions that require a waiver for admission, and Class B conditions do not preclude admission but require follow-up.CDC works closely with airline and ship companies that transport people and cargo to the U.S. ports of entry. Quarantine officers coordinate with airlines, cruise lines, and port officials to investigate illness reports and track the spread of disease.For example, if a sick passenger is on a flight, CDC will work with the airlines, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, and health departments or international ministries of health to contact travelers who were exposed to the sick person as per CDCs disease protocols. This is known as a contact investigation.Certain quarantine stations respond to emergency requests from hospitals to provide certain unavailable emergency drugs for botulism, malaria, and diphtheria. Quarantine officers also work with port partners to plan and prepare emergency responses and for mass migration emergencies.Quarantinable diseasesAs a federal agency under the US Department of Human and Health Services, CDC can legally detain, medically examine, and release a person who may have a contagious disease that is quarantinable. Quarantinable diseases are determined by Executive Order of the US President. As of 2020 there are nine quarantinable diseases:CholeraDiphtheriaInfectious tuberculosisPlagueSmallpoxYellow feverViral hemorrhagic fevers (such as Ebola)Severe acute respiratory syndromes (such as SARS, MERS, COVID-19)Types of flu (influenza virus) that could cause a pandemicSeveral vaccine-controllable diseases are not on the list, including measles, mumps, rubella, and chickenpox.Based on their health assessments, quarantine officers may stop travelers from entering the United States or from continuing to travel, or send them to a hospital for treatment, or connect with a local or state health department for follow up.CargoQuarantine officers routinely monitor animals and cargo entering the United States that may pose a risk to public health. They inspect live animals, including dogs, cats, monkeys, bats, turtles, ticks, mosquitoes, snails, and civets. CDC also regulates the import of animal products like bushmeat, hunting trophies, untanned goat skin drums, and uncured leather. Biological research samples, blood and tissue samples, and human remains are also screened for disease.Locations of history of measlesThe 20 Quarantine Stations are located at major ports of entry where most international travelers enter the country. Two stations, El Paso and San Diego, are located at land-border crossings, while the other 18 are at international airports. Each station is responsible for all the ports of entry in its assigned region, in addition to the major port where it is located.The Boston and Dallas stations are as of 2020 unstaffed, and are respectively under the jurisdiction of the New York and Houston stations.
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Introduction to Paper History
1. variste Lvi-Provenal of paper historyvariste Lvi-Provenal (4 January 1894 27 March 1956) was a French medievalist, orientalist, Arabist, and historian of Islam.The scholar who would take the name Lvi-Provenal was born 4 January 1894 in Constantine, French Algeria, as Makhluf Evariste Levi (Arabic: ), his second name revealing that his North-African Jewish family was already somewhat Gallicized. By the age of nineteen when he published his first paper he had rechristened himself variste Lvi-Provenal. He studied at the Lyce in Constantine, and served in the French army during World War I, being wounded in the Dardanelles in 1917. He then joined the Institut des Hautes Etudes Marocaines. He held positions at the University of Algiers (1926) and later the Sorbonne (1945).Lvi-Provenal was the founder of the French study of Islam and the first director of the Institute of Islamic Studies (Institut d'tudes islamiques) in Algiers. He specialized in the history of al-Andalus and the Muslims of Spain. He worked on editing and translating the Arabic sources for the medieval history of Spain, often with Spanish Arabist Emilio Garca Gmez. His writings about Muslims scholarship were both admiring and critical. He was anticolonial in his leanings, and he tended to ignore or underplay Jewish sources and obfuscate his own Jewish origins to avoid French Antisemitism.------2. Selected works of paper historyvariste Lvi-Provenal (1922). Les historiens des Chorfa: essai sur la littrature historique et biographique au Maroc du XVIe au XXe sicle. Larose. Retrieved 17 February .citation qquotes:"""""""'""'".mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free abackground:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//")right 0.1em center/9px .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration abackground:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//")right 0.1em center/9px .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription abackground:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//")right 0.1em center/9px .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration spanborder-bottom:1px dotted; .cs1-ws-icon abackground:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//")right 0.1em center/12px code.cs1-codecolor:inherit;background:inherit;border:none; .cs1-hidden-errordisplay:none; .cs1-maintdisplay:none;color:#33aa33; .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflinkfont-weight:inheritHistoire de l'Espagne musulmane, (1944-1953)Sville musulmane au dbut du XIIe sicleL'Espagne musulmane au Xe sicle. Institutions et vie sociale (Paris, Maisonneuve & Larose, 1932)------3. Italian Tribune-La Tribuna del Popolo of paper historyThe Italian Tribune (La Tribune del Popolo) is a newspaper first published in Detroit, Michigan on May 1, 1909 as La Tribuna Italiana del Michigan. It was founded by Vincent Giuliano, with the help of his wife, Maria Giuliano. Vincent had been publishing a newspaper in Chicago for the Italian textile workers when a group of auto workers in Detroit asked him to start a similar paper in Detroit to bring the community together.The paper was originally written in Italian, but the majority of the newspaper today is written mostly in English. The newspaper serves as a history of the Italian American community in Metro Detroit.------4. The Lebanon Gazette of paper historyThe Lebanon Gazette, now defunct, was the name of two weekly newspapers published in Lebanon, Ohio, both of which were absorbed by The Western Star.The first of the papers was initially issued on Wednesday, November 11, 1821, and it ceased publication Saturday, August 10, 1822. The Western Star was then retitled The Western Star and Lebanon Gazette.The second paper to bear this name was established by William H. P. Denny, the former owner of The Western Star, in 1877. In 1879, he sold the paper to William D. Mulford and J. C. Van Harlingen. By 1882, the Gazette Printing Company, a company controlled by George M. Johnston, assumed ownership. The paper was discontinued February 16, 1893, and with The Western Star's issue of Thursday, February 23, 1893, that journal was called The Western Star and Lebanon Gazette.
2021 06 28
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Knowledge Related to International Academy of the History of Science
The International Academy of the History of Science (French: Acadmie Internationale d'Histoire des Sciences) is a membership organization for historians of science.The academy was founded on 17 August 1928 at the Congress of Historical Science by Aldo Mieli, Abel Rey, George Sarton, Henry E. Sigerist, Charles Singer, Karl Sudhoff, and Lynn Thorndike.• Other Related Knowledge of HistoryHistory & amenities of angel of the northMaesycwmmer is still overshadowed by the vast Maesycwmmer Viaduct, which dates from 1853 and which carried the Taff Vale Extension of the Newport, Abergavenny and Hereford Railway over the Rhymney valley. In 2000 the viaduct was re-opened for public pedestrian access.Today the village features the "Wheel o Drams" (locally known as "The Stargate") sculpture by Andy Hazell, an unusual piece of modern art formed from a circle of coalmining dram trucks to commemorate the industrial heritage of this locality within the history of the South Wales Valleys. The village shared three railway stations with neighbouring Hengoed over the years (see Hengoed railway station).There are two pubs in Maesycwmmer: The Maesycwmmer Inn and The Angel (a third, The Butchers Arms, became an Indian restaurant called The Spice Tree).Maesycwmmer was a creation of the Industrial Revolution in the South Wales Coalfield. The houses built along the main road were purpose built for the workers that built the Maesycwmmer to Hengoed Viaduct. There is also a disused quarry in a field behind the houses of St Annes Gardens.Maesycwmmer has both a junior and a senior football team. The senior team, Maesycwmmer FC, was founded in 2010 and plays in the North Gwent Football League. Matches are played at The Bryn, just outside Maesycwmmer. The Angel pub, which the team used for its post match entertainment, is the main club sponsor.------History and structure of federal income taxAs a public instrumentality and body politic and corporate of the state of Missouri, MOHELA was created in 1981 by legislation signed into law by Governor Christopher S. Kit Bond. MOHELA was established to assure that all eligible post-secondary education students have access to student loans (RSMo 173.360). The authority is governed by seven board members operating on alternating five-year terms; five of whom are appointed by the Governor of the state of Missouri, subject to the advice and consent of the Missouri Senate, and two others are representatives from the Missouri Coordinating Board of Higher Education one of which is a permanent seat to be filled by that agencys commissioner.Initial funding to establish operations came from a $65 million bank letter of credit, guaranteed by several of the then members, and was repaid following the issuance of bonds. Since that original issue, MOHELA has generated its own funding from beginning to present day. From its humble beginnings with fewer than ten employees, MOHELA has grown to more than 625 full-time staff members and works with students, schools and lenders in all 50 states.------The History of the Normans of ba 88Amatus' L'Ystoire de li Normant chronicles the history of the Normans in Southern Italy, from their arrival to the death of Richard Drengot of Capua. Kenneth Baxter Wolf hypothesizes that, because the stated purpose of the history is to commemorate the deeds of Richard of Capua and Robert Guiscard, that Amatus (or Abbot Desiderius) was prompted to write because of Richard's death in 1078. Amatus' chronicle was written soon after 1080, making it the first of the Norman histories of Southern Italy to be written Originally written in Latin, the text now only survives in a fourteenth-century French translation commissioned by a "conte da Militre," who was possibly connected to the Angevin dynasty of the Kingdom of Naples. However, the work was not only translated, but also summarized and abridged at points. Despite this, Wolf argues that comparisons with the second version of the Chronica monasterii Casinensis, written by Leo Marsicanus and incorporating parts of Amatus's original text, suggest that the corrupted French translation is not completely inaccurate.------Operational history of b&q melamineThe first N.T.2B was delivered to the RNAS flying school at Calshot on 8 July 1917, the type becoming the standard training flying boat of the RNAS and RAF until the end of the First World War, although delivery delays caused by the engine problems caused a backlog in training flying boat pilots. Seventy-nine were on charge with the RAF on 31 October 1918. It operated at bases at Felixstowe and Lee-on-Solent as well as Calshot.Following the end of the war, N.T.2Bs were sold to the air forces of Estonia, Peru and Norway. Civil N.T.2Bs were flown in Norway and Canada, where one aircraft remained in use for forestry patrols until 1929.------Influence of HistoryThough its plot is frequently at variance with the standard Arthurian outline, Perlesvaus did have an effect on subsequent literature. Arthur's traditional enemies Claudas and Brian of the Isles appear for the first time in its pages, as does the Questing Beast (though in a radically different guise than it would take). The story of Kay murdering Loholt is mentioned in the Lancelot-Grail (Vulgate) cycle as the one evil deed Kay ever committed, but the details and retribution are left out. A small part of Perlesvaus was also adapted by Thomas Malory in the episode of the evil sorceress Hellawes in Le Morte d'Arthur. Malory's source seems to be one of the Vulgate manuscripts where the content from Perlesvaus serves as a prologue to the Vulgate Queste.------Company history of corporate brandingThe company advises companies and individuals as to how to use social media outlets and how to avoid the negative ramifications that can arise from the misuse or ignoring of social media. The company was founded after Moschini relocated from Latin America to the United States. Moschini first worked as a waitress before working in public relations positions with Compaq and Grupo Santander, then vice president of corporate communications for Visa International. The company was founded in 2002.Before the rise of social media, the company began working with corporations on their public websites to deal with the pre- and post-sale parts of e-commerce. After establishing itself in the United States, Intuic began to shift its focus to also include Latin American companies, including those from Moschini's native Argentina. Intuic has advised corporate clients on their social media strategies including Twitter, Google, MasterCard, Microsoft, Cisco, Computer Associates, Millicom, Hewlett Packard, and BMW.------Belarus' economic history of priority claimFormally known as the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic under the Soviet Union, on July 27, 1990 Belarus demanded its sovereignty. The country officially become the independent Republic of Belarus on August 25, 1991. In 1994 Belarus elected their first president, Alexander Lukashenko. USA and the European Union, deem Belarus the last dictatorship in Europe.After World War ll, the Byelorussian economy was in tatters, and most of the industry and many production plants were transferred to Russia. The Soviet Union made Russia's economy priority before rebuilding Belarus. Under the leadership of Lukashenko, the economy of Belarus had problems with balance of payments and foreign exchange reserves. In 1998 Belarus entered a crisis, with the ruble value halved and food rationing imposed by the government. Belarus went to its neighbor Russia to seek financial help. Belarus and Russia signed an accord in hopes of merging the Russian and Belorussian currencies and tax systems, which was not officially put into effect. As of 2019, Belarus had 10.4 million people and a gross domestic product of US $80 billion. Their exports and imports were imbalanced, imports being at US $33 billion and exports are at US $28.5 billion. Their most lucrative export is refined petroleum, which represents 19% of their total exports and crude petroleum being their highest import mainly from Russia.------Description and history of commercial parkThe town of Gardiner was settled in the late 1750s by Dr. Sylvester Gardiner, whose land grant included the entire present city. The city grew around the mouth of Cobbossee Stream where it empties into the Kennebec, with industries powered by a series of waterfalls on the stream, and facilitated by the ease of transport on the river. By 1850 the city was one of the leading ports on the river, with eight dams on the stream powering a variety of manufacturing and milling operations. Both the level of industry and water-based transport declined in the 20th century, leaving the largely late 19th-century downtown nearly intact.The historic district encompassing Gardiner's downtown extends along both sides of Water Street, which runs on the south side of Cobbossee Stream in a roughly northwest-southeast orientation, and then southward along the western river bank. The district begins at Brunswick Avenue, and extends southeast to the Gardiner Public Library building at the eastern end of Mechanic Street. Included in the district are 47 historic buildings, generally of brick construction and two or three stories in height. Most of them are either Greek Revival or Italianate in style, although there are several example of Romanesque Revival and Queen Anne architecture. The public library, designed in 1881 by Henry Richards, is a particularly fine example of the latter style.------Early history of adhereThe USI was founded in 1912, after a group of workers, previously affiliated with the Confederazione Generale del Lavoro (CGL), met in Modena and declared themselves linked to the legacy of the First International, and later joined the anarcho-syndicalist International Workers Association.The most left-wing camere del lavoro adhered in rapid succession to the USI, and it engaged in all major political battles for labor rights - without ever adopting the militarist attitudes present with other trade unions. Nonetheless, after the outbreak of World War I, USI was shaken by the dispute around the issue of Italy's intervention in the conflict on the Entente Powers' side. The problem was made acute by the presence of eminent pro-intervention, national-syndicalist voices inside the body: Alceste De Ambris, Filippo Corridoni, and, initially, Giuseppe Di Vittorio. The union managed to maintain its opposition to militarism, under the leadership of Armando Borghi and Alberto Meschi.------History of contact of kangarooArchaeological and radiocarbon studies of a lead weight containing fragments of Loisels pumice unearthed on the island identify the lead component as of French provenance, and the pumice suggests that the object may have arrived on the beach between 1410 and 1630 C.E., the first date prior to Ferdinand Magellan's circumnavigation of the world.Matthew Flinders was the first white to land on the island, at Bool Creek on Sandy Cape in July 1802 and made short contact with the Ngulungbara horde. In 1836 survivors of the shipwreck of a brig, the Stirling Castle managed to make their way south and landed up on the island. Eliza Fraser, the late captain's wife, managed to survive among the local islanders for several weeks.The island began to be occupied by whites in 1849. At that time, the Indigenous population of the 19 clans was estimated to be around 2,000. Within three decades (1879), their numbers had dropped to around 300-400, a collapse attributed by an informant of the then Chief Commissioner of Brisbane to shootings by the Australian native police, and the effects of venereal disease and alcohol introduced by whites.The main remnant of the Butchella people was transferred to Yarrabah sometime around 1902.------Publication history of baitJonah Hex: No Way Back was released to coincide with the film version of Jonah Hex released June 18, 2010.In an interview with DC Comics' The Source blog, Justin Gray said:Jonah Hex has a brother. Thats the idea that came up decades earlier in discussions between writer John Albano and Tony DeZuniga. Tony casually mentioned this to us and that idea has been brought to life in the hardcover. Bold, brazen violent and surprisingly tender, this is the consummate tale of the Wild Wests greatest bounty hunter.Jimmy Palmiotti said:This is the first all original Jonah Hex graphic novel and a dream project for us. Jonah is one of the coolest and most unique characters we have ever had the pleasure to work on. Hes an icon for all ages and his untamed manner appeals, on a visceral gut level, to just about everyone who reads it. In this, Hexs first original graphic novel, we unleash the beast like you have never seen before.
2021 06 28
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Spring High Point Market: Market Mindful of History, but High on Youth: Both the Young and Old Found
Young consumers were the object of attention at the International Home Furnishings Market in High Point in April, but their grandmothers would have felt right at home with several anniversary collections updated for the 21st century. Consumers under 44 are responsible for half the furniture purchased, said Phil Haney, Stanley Furniture's executive vice president for marketing and sales. Collection after collection showed an attempt to appeal to that age group, with soft-edged contemporary styling, reduced scale furniture and versatility. Consumers feel more comfortable with soft contemporary than with stark contemporary, said Morgan Flies, director of advertising at Lane Home Furnishings, as she showed the company's two new collections by Robert Idol, Pacific Heights and Union Square. Lane's Pacific Heights Collection, available in Santos rosewood, and the Union Square Collection, offered in cathedral cherry, both make use of richly patterned veneers and geometric shapes. Stanley Furniture's Midnight Sun Collection, made from quarter-sawn white oak, demonstrates the company's "ability and desire to connect with the young consumer," said Haney. The soft, contemporary Midnight Sun, described as "low and linear," includes tables and chests with an asymmetrical, floating look. Perhaps the closest to pure contemporary the new designs come is Kelly Hoppen's collection for Century. The British designer has used tropical flor-morado, white oak veneers, upholstery, steel and black glass to produce pieces with simple lines and an uncluttered feel. A wide ribbon of steel flows across dresser and chest tops, ending up as legs. Anniversary Pieces Tried-and-true with a modern twist characterizes several anniversary collections. Broyhill Furniture, which is celebrating its centennial, has come out with dining room, bedroom, upholstery and occasional furniture in the style of Sheraton, with a Little Hepplewhite and Chippendale thrown in. Ovals of okoume crotch veneer subtly enhance each piece, even the TV-centered entertainment unit that would have been unheard of 100 years ago. Pennsylvania House, approaching its 60th anniversary, reinterprets its classic Hallmark Cherry collection, updating it with a softer, earthy-brown finish that allows the woodgrain to show. And 50-year-old Pulaski brought back its three-decade-old Keepsakes curio cabinets, with new Lighting embedded in each shelf so that display objects are lit from above and below. In between the contemporary and the classic are handsome pieces which harken back to a romantic European and British past, including the campaign furniture packed by Britons as they colonized a large part of the world. Stanley's mahogany Barbados Collection, for example, with its prominent brass hinges, looks as though it is ready to be broken down and packed away for an ocean voyage. Pulaski's Royale collection of bedroom, dining and accent pieces was inspired by Beaux Arts architectural elements found in medallions, crown moulding and ceiling tiles throughout Europe. Hookers Casa del Sot, described as "Sunbelt Casual," draws on Italian and Mediterranean influences. It includes bed room, dining, occasional, home entertainment and home office pieces. Rustic styles are generally missing among the new furniture, as are overtly Asian styles. The bamboo and banana leaf of past markets also were not much in evidence. Furniture that Fits One trend of note is that many of today's new pieces are transferable from one collection to another. "Each piece stands on its own," said Kathy Mitchell, Hickory Chair director of wood products, as she introduced the 40-piece Alexa Hampton collection The collection tries to avoid "matchy-matchy," she said. "We don't believe that's how people live." Thin stripes of different-colored primavera and mahogany decorate the top of one end table. The striped table encourages normally-reluctant consumers to mix finishes, she said. There also was an attempt by manufacturers to accommodate all Lifestyles, including those crammed into small apartments, with Lots of storage and multi-functional pieces. Storage/display ranged from elegant to utilitarian. The full-Length glass doors of designer Barbara Barry's oval china cabinet for Henredon are bisected with elegant wood curves. Glass shelves with walnut edges are set in a walnut interior. At the other end of the price range spectrum is Sauder's EZ Cube, a modular collection of basic cubes, with or without doors, available with dividers with moveable shelves and end units with curving shelves. The versatile cubes, the company said, "can be used to create a wine cabinet that easily can be transformed into an entertainment center or a bathroom storage unit a month or a year later." From Wine To TV Wine cabinets that can serve other purposes are not limited to Sauder. In Lane's Union Square collection, you can take the bottles out and put in a TV. Presto! An entertainment center. Other solutions for the space-challenged include Pennsylvania House's Flip-Top Sideboard, part of the Today's Hallmark collection. The top flips open to reveal a wear-resistant laminated surface perfect for serving food or drinks. Fitting in with the emphasis on smaller spaces are several low-profile Hickory Chair headboards and an entire Guest Quarters Collection by Vaughn, designed for second bedrooms. Whether small or large, beds are gaining a good deal of attention. A padded headboard stretching several feet above the bed provides an invitation to reading or TV watching in Stanley's Midnight Sun Collection. Another Midnight Sun bed has a lighted headboard, eliminating the need for a bedside lamp. To make more space available in a room, beds by Hooker and Bernhardt also feature short finials as substitutes for foot posts. Style and comfort extends to the kiddies, too. Stanley's Young America showed Ma Marie, a country French collection for young girls, in turquoise, black and antique white. Bush Furniture came out with Bush Kidz, a playful collection of youth furniture that rests on MDF "feet," and holds up yellow MDF "hands." Curved drawer pulls are smiling "mouths." Prices on Thomasville's "Impromptu" and Sauder's "Beginnings" are aimed at those consumers furnishing a first home. Lexington Home Furnishings showed bedroom, dining room and occasional pieces in a new line called Lexington. Prices on those pieces are an average 10 to 15 percent lower than those of the company's well-known brands like Tommy Bahama and Nautica, said President Bob Stec. What Lexington has tried to do is emulate mass merchandiser Target, which has made style affordable, said Stec. For example, a bedroom now can be fitted out for $2,000-2,500 with the Lexington brand, compared to $3,500-4,000 with the others, he said. RELATED ARTICLE: Pass the remote, deal the cards--it's party time! By Hannah Miller The only thing bigger than the currently popular wide-screen TVs seems to be consumers' appetite for them. The Consumer Electronics Assn. projects Americans will buy 36 million new TVs this year, spending $8 billion more than last year. "The vast majority of television sales will be high definition 16 by 9 formats, and many of those will be 50- to 60-inch sets," said Kelly Cain, vice president and product manager at Stanley Furniture Industries. Hooker Furniture showed more consoles than entertainment centers at April's International Home Furnishings Market in High Point, NC. The company says they are an ideal solution for the 50- to 60-inch digital LCD (liquid crystal display) and DLP (digital light processing) rear projection tabletop TVs, which are usually 1520 inches deep and weigh about 100 pounds. Bush's versatile new Clarion Collection in the Eric Morgan line has a hutch on which a flat screen can hang, and a video base on which it or other TVs can stand. Hooker and Stanley showed what may be the ultimate in couch potato-dom, or in this case, bed potato-dom. It is a plasma screen that rises from a bed footboard, but can be turned at various angles for viewing from elsewhere in the room. Hooker's is in its Metropolitan View, a soft-edged contemporary collection. Stanley's is in Midnight Sun, also a soft contemporary look. Want more than a wooden panel covering your screen when it is not in use? In a new armoire-style entertainment center from Sligh Furniture, real books or curios occupy shelves above a TV, and a screen painted with faux books slides over the TV when not in use. Game Tables, Bars and More Despite all that TV to watch, manufacturers evidently think there is still a demand for hands-on entertainment. Game tables, where friends can gather over a deck of cards, are featured in several new collections. "The craze of celebrity poker on TV and the popularity of poker and game playing on college campuses and across America have created a demand for game room furniture," said Mike Space. Hooker's executive vice president/merchandising. Both the John Elway Home Collection from Bassett Furniture Industries and Hooker Furniture showed game tables paired with bars and, in the case of Hooker, a circular pool-cue rack with an etched-brass base. The Old West-inspired table in the Elway collection is made of solid oak and accented with cherry veneer. It has a hand-tooled leather playing surface with a reversible sunburst cherry top. Antiqued brass cup holders surround the border. The Elway Home Bar Setting has a freestanding bar, bar back, bar hutch, barstool and counter stool pieces. Hooker is entering the game room category for the first time with 15 items, including poker, card and game tables, game chairs, a counter-height game table, bars, bar stools and a pool cue stand. Most pieces are made of hardwood solids and cherry veneer, with accents of leather, black granite, etched brass and billiard-quality felt. Freestanding bars also were shown in several manufacturers' collections, without accompanying game tables. Such bars are said to be preferred by some consumers over built-ins because they can accompany a homeowner during a move. One such bar in Pulaski Furniture Corp.'s European-inspired Royale Collection is finished in medium brown cherry with gold-painted overlays. The top is deep gray granite. Broyhill's imported Continents collection features several styles, including one with rotating shelves on a lazy Susan device inside the bar. Bistro tables--square, bar-height tables usually seating four people--were shown with accompanying tall chairs in several collections, including Stanley's Midnight Sun and Hooker's game tables group. Lane Home Furnishings, which first introduced the bistro tables at the October 2004 market, now includes them in the company's Eddie Bauer and new Robert Idol collections. Bernhardt goes in the opposite direction. Its State Street Storage Cocktail is a table of many uses, with a padded leather top you can sit on or use as a footrest. When you feel like drinks or a snack, pull out the side trays. And if you want a little competition enliven the evening, pull out the center shelves for board games. Checkers, anyone?
2021 06 08
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