Introduction to Kitchen Cabinets

Life of kitchen cabinets

Erdmannsdorff was born in Dresden to the Saxon courtier, Baron Ernst Ferdinand von Erdmannsdorff, and his wife Henriette Margarethe, ne von Heler.

After early stages of education with Jakob Mauvillon in Leipzig and at the Dresden knight academy from 1750 to 1754, Erdmannsdorff attended the University of Wittenberg in 17541758, where he encountered Prince Franz von Anhalt-Dessau, whose service he entered in 1758. His later fame is due his works for the prince in his Wrlitz pleasureground near the Dessau residence. At the age of twenty three Erdmannsdorff become a Freemason and was initiated at the illustrious Minerva Zu Den Drei Palmen (Minerva to the three palm trees) lodge on 23 August 1759.

In accordance with the educational ideals of the Enlightenment, the prince had the aim of reorganising his surrounding lands into a cohesive 'Garden Realm' (Gartenreich) in the style of an English landscape garden. In addition to the beautification of the landscape, cottages of various architectural styles, antique temples, bridges and memorials were to be erected and to be made accessible to everyone. Franz employed his friend and architect Erdmannsdorff to design the architectural arrangement of the grounds.

Between 1761 and 1775 on several grand tours to Italy, Holland, England, France and Switzerland, Erdmannsdorff gathered ideas for the architectural arrangement of the Wrlitz grounds. Accompanying the Prince, he got to know the style of the Scottish architects Robert and James Adam (the Adams Style). At the same time he was impressed by the architect William Chambers. In Rome Erdmannsdorff made the acquaintance of the archaeologist Johann Joachim Winckelmann and the painter Charles Louis Clrisseau, and contacted the master builder Giovanni Battista Piranesi and painter Jakob Philipp Hackert.

The contemporary art and culture of England made a particular impression on Erdmannsdorff as well as Prince Franz. The Palladian architecture in England, inspired by the Palladian Villas of the 16th century, can be seen replicated in Erdmannsdorff's later creations and was the strongest influence on his work next to the architecture and interior design of ancient Rome. In this artistic context he designed, amongst others, Wrlitz Palace, built from 1769 to 1773 for Prince Franz and his consort Louise of Brandenburg-Schwedt.

Although Erdmannsdorff favoured this particular architectural style, he also created buildings in the Neo-Gothic style preferred by Prince Franz. Among others, he converted the influences he had received on his trip to England into the building of the Gothic House in the Wrlitz Grounds.

During his time in Anhalt-Dessau, Erdmannsdorff married Wilhelmine von Ahlimb in 1781, with whom he had two daughters.

In 1786 King Frederick William II of Prussia called on his services to redecorate the bedroom and study of his predecessor, Frederick the Great, in Sanssouci Palace in Potsdam, as well a number of rooms in the Berliner Stadtschloss (Berlin City Palace). Consequently, the first consistently classical interior of the Potsdam and Berlin palaces was built to Erdmannsdorff's specifications. During his stay in Berlin and Potsdam which lasted until 1789, he became an honorary member of the 'Royal Academy of Arts and Mechanical Sciences' in Berlin. Apart from this work he was above all active as a consultant in the areas of art, culture and education in Brandenburg.

Between 1789 and 1790, Erdmannsdorff stayed again in Italy. In Rome he made the acquaintance of the painters Angelica Kauffman and Jakob Phillipp Hackert, as well as the sculptors Alexander Trippel, Antonio Canova and Bartolomeo Cavaceppi. After a trip to Weimar in 1791 with Prince Franz, he visited the courts of Gotha, Kassel and Karlsruhe. In 1796 he took over the artistic direction of the Chalkographische Gesellschaft in Dessau, founded in 1795, whose goal was to popularise artistic works through etchings. At this time he also worked as a lecturer at the Berlin School of Architecture, where he taught Friedrich Gilly among others.

Erdmannsdorff died in Dessau at the age of 64. His grave can be found at the New Graveyard (Neuer Begrbnisplatz, today known as Historical Cemetery I) in Dessau.

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Prime Ministers of Israel (1948present) of kitchen cabinets

Twelve people have served as prime minister of Israel, five of whom have served on two non-consecutive occasions. Additionally, one person, Yigal Allon, has served solely as an interim prime minister.

The other two who have served as ad interim prime minister have gone on to become the prime minister.

Mapai/Alignment/Labor(7) See TfdLikud(4) See TfdKadima(2) See Tfd

No.

Name(birth and death)

Portrait

Political party

Term of office

Elected(Knesset)

Government

No.

Composition

1

David Ben-Gurion.mw-parser-output .script-hebrew,.mw-parser-output .script-Hebrfont-family:"SBL Hebrew","SBL BibLit","Frank Ruehl CLM","Taamey Frank CLM","Ezra SIL","Ezra SIL SR","Keter Aram Tsova","Taamey Ashkenaz","Taamey David CLM","Keter YG","Shofar","David CLM","Hadasim CLM","Simple CLM","Nachlieli",Cardo,Alef,"Noto Serif Hebrew","Noto Sans Hebrew","David Libre",David,"Times New Roman",Gisha,Arial,FreeSerif,FreeSans -

(18861973)

Mapai

14 May 1948

10 March 1949

Prov.

Mapai Mapam HHaM New Aliyah S&O Mizrachi Gen.Zionists Aguda

10 March 1949

1 November 1950

1949 (1st)

1st

Mapai URF Progressives S&O DLN

1 November 1950

8 October 1951

2nd

8 October 1951

24 December 1952

1951 (2nd)

3rd

Mapai Mizrachi HHaM-Aguda-PAY DLIA-P&W-A&D

24 December 1952

26 January 1954

4th

Mapai Gen.Zionists Progressive Mizrachi HHaM DLIA-P&W-A&D

2

Moshe Sharett

(18941965)

Mapai

26 January 1954

29 June 1955

5th

29 June 1955

3 November 1955

6th

Mapai Mizrachi HHaM DLIA-P&W-A&D

(1)

David Ben-Gurion -

(18861973)

Mapai

3 November 1955

7 January 1958

1955 (3rd)

7th

Mapai NRP Mapam AHaA Progressives DLIA-P&W-A&D P&D-C&B

7 January 1958

17 December 1959

8th

17 December 1959

2 November 1961

1959 (4th)

9th

2 November 1961

26 June 1963

1961 (5th)

10th

Mapai NRP AHaA PAY P&D-C&B

3

Levi Eshkol

(18951969)

Mapai

26 June 1963

22 December 1964

11th

22 December 1964

12 January 1966

12th

AlignmentMapai/Labor

12 January 1966

26 February 1969

1965 (6th)

13th

Alignment NRP Mapam Indep.Liberals PAY P&D-C&B Gahal Rafi

Yigal Allon(acting)

(19181980)

AlignmentLabor

26 February 1969

17 March 1969

4

Golda Meir

(18981978)

AlignmentLabor

17 March 1969

15 December 1969

14th

15 December 1969

10 March 1974

1969 (7th)

15th

Alignment Gahal NRP Indep.Liberals P&D-C&B

10 March 1974

3 June 1974

1973 (8th)

16th

Alignment NRP Indep.Liberals

5

Yitzhak Rabin

(19221995)

AlignmentLabor

3 June 1974

20 June 1977

17th

Alignment Indep.Liberals Ratz NRP

6

Menachem Begin

(19131992)

Likud

20 June 1977

5 August 1981

1977 (9th)

18th

Likud NRP Aguda Dash

5 August 1981

10 October 1983

1981 (10th)

19th

Likud NRP Aguda Tami Telem/MRSZ Tehiya

7

Yitzhak Shamir

(19152012)

Likud

10 October 1983

13 September 1984

20th

8

Shimon Peres

(19232016)

AlignmentLabor

13 September 1984

20 October 1986

1984 (11th)

21st

Alignment Likud NRP Aguda Shas Morasha Shinui Ometz

(7)

Yitzhak Shamir

(19152012)

Likud

20 October 1986

22 December 1988

22nd

22 December 1988

11 June 1990

1988 (12th)

23rd

Likud Alignment NRP Shas Aguda Degel HaTorah

11 June 1990

13 July 1992

24th

Likud NRP Shas Aguda Degel HaTorah New Liberal Tehiya Tzomet Moledet UPI Geula

(5)

Yitzhak Rabin

(19221995)

Labor

13 July 1992

4 November 1995

1992 (13th)

25th

Labor Meretz Shas Yiud

Shimon Peres

(19232016)

Labor

4 November 1995

22 November 1995

26th

(8)

22 November 1995

18 June 1996

9

Benjamin Netanyahu

(1949)

Likud

18 June 1996

6 July 1999

1996 (14th)

27th

Likud-Gesher-Tzomet Shas NRP BaAliyah UTJ Third Way

10

Ehud Barak (1942)

One IsraelLabor

6 July 1999

7 March 2001

1999

(15th)

28th

One Israel Shas Meretz BaAliyah Centre NRP UTJ

11

Ariel Sharon

(19282014)

Likud

7 March 2001

28 February 2003

2001

29th

Likud Labor-Meimad Shas Centre NRP UTJ BaAliyah NU-Beiteinu New Way Gesher

28 February 2003

21 November 2005

2003 (16th)

30th

Likud Shinui NU NRP Labor-Meimad Aguda

Kadima

21 November 2005

(4 Jan. 2006)14 April 2006

Kadima Likud Aguda

Ehud Olmert (1945)

Kadima

4 January 2006

14 April 2006

12

14 April 2006

4 May 2006

4 May 2006

31 March 2009

2006 (17th)

31st

Kadima Labor Shas Gil Beiteinu

(9)

Benjamin Netanyahu (1949)

Likud

31 March 2009

18 March 2013

2009 (18th)

32nd

Likud Beiteinu Shas Labor/Indep. Jewish Home UTJ

18 March 2013

6 May 2015

2013 (19th)

33rd

Likud Yesh Atid The Jewish Home Yisrael Beiteinu Hatnuah

6 May 2015

9 April 2019

2015 (20th)

34th

Likud Kulanu The Jewish Home Shas UTJ Yisrael Beiteinu

9 April 2019

17 September 2019

2019 (21st)

17 September 2019

17 May 2020

2019 (22nd)

(9)

17 May 2020

Present

2020 (23rd)

35th

Likud Blue and White Shas UTJ Labor Derekh Eretz Gesher The Jewish Home

Notes1 For the 1965 elections, Mapai allied with Ahdut HaAvoda to form the Labor Alignment, later renamed Alignment. This first Alignment ended when Mapai, Ahdut HaAvoda and Rafi merged to form the Labor Party on 23 January 1968. On 28 January 1969, Labor formed a second Alignment in alliance with Mapam.

2 Eshkol died while in office. Yigal Allon briefly served as Acting Prime Minister until he was replaced by Meir.

3 Rabin resigned and called for early elections in December 1976. After he was re-elected as the Alignment's leader, he resigned as candidate for the upcoming elections on 7 April 1977, but legally remained Prime Minister until Begin's first government was formed. However, Shimon Peres unofficially served as Acting Prime Minister from 22 April 1977 until 21 June 1977.

4 After the 1984 elections, Likud and the Alignment reached a coalition agreement by which the role of Prime Minister would be rotated mid-term between them. Shimon Peres of the Alignment served as Prime Minister for the first two years, and then the role was passed to Yitzhak Shamir. After the 1988 election Likud was able to govern without the Alignment, and Yitzhak Shamir became Prime Minister again.

5 Rabin was assassinated while in office. Shimon Peres served as Acting Prime Minister until 22 November 1995.

6 On 21 November 2005, Prime Minister Sharon, along with several other ministers and MKs, split from Likud over the issue of disengagement from the Gaza Strip and negotiations over the final status of the West Bank. Sharon formed a new party, Kadima, which would go on to compete in the following elections of March 2006. Sharon continued as Prime Minister.

7 As the result of Ariel Sharon suffering a severe stroke on 4 January 2006, and being put under general anaesthetic, Ehud Olmert served as the Acting Prime Minister (Hebrew: ) from 4 January to 14 April, according to Basic Law: The Government: "Should the Prime Minister be temporarily unable to discharge his duties, his place will be filled by the Acting Prime Minister. After the passage of 100 days upon which the Prime Minister does not resume his duties, the Prime Minister will be deemed permanently unable to exercise his office." Basic Law: the Government 2001, section 16b In Sharon's case, this occurred on 14 April 2006, upon which Olmert became Interim Prime Minister for the remainder of the 30th government, finally becoming full Prime Minister on the formation of the 31st government.

8 Olmert officially resigned on 21 September 2008. With this, his cabinet became an interim government, and he was the "Interim" Prime Minister until the establishment of a new governing coalition (he was officially the Prime Minister, however, the government under him was an interim government, in this case).

9 The following parties were members of a government during only part of its term:

9th: Progress and Development and Cooperation and Brotherhood, two new parties, were members of the 9th government, which was otherwise identical in composition to the 7th and 8th governments.

13th: Gahal and Rafi joined 5 June 1967. Rafi merged into Labor (a member of the Alignment) 23 January 1968.

15th: Gahal stood down 6 August 1970.

17th: National Religious Party joined 30 October 1970; Ratz stood down 6 November 1970.

18th: Democratic Movement for Change joined October 1977.

19th: Tehiya joined 26 August 1981; the Movement for the Renewal of Social Zionism was formed 6 June 1983 following the break-up of Telem.

22nd: Morasha was not included in the 22nd government, which was otherwise identical in composition to the 21st government.

25th: Shas stood down 14 September 1993; Yiud joined 9 January 1995.

28th: United Torah Judaism stood down September 1999.

29th: Shas stood down 23 May 2002, returned 3 June; Labor-Meimad stood down 2 November 2002.

30th: National Religious Party joined 3 March 2003, stood down 11 November 2004; National Union stood down 6 June 2004; Shinui stood down 4 December 2004; Labor-Meimad joined 10 January 2005; Agudat Yisrael joined 30 March 2005; Kadima broke away from Likud and Labor-Meimad stood down 23 November 2005, leaving a government consisting of Kadima, Likud and Agudat Yisrael; Likud stood down 15 January 2006.

31st: Yisrael Beiteinu joined November 2006; stood down 16 January 2008.

32nd: United Torah Judaism joined 1 April 2009; Independence broke away from Labor 17 January 2011; Independence remained in the government and Labor stood down.

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When I first started looking at kitchen cabinets I was amazed at how expensive these things really were. Even the cheap cabinets cost more than I expected. After I realized that the cheap cabinets were not much more than particle board, I decided it was either spend a lot of money or I needed to find some other options. The answer was not at your local super mega store, it was online. Here are 5 quick suggestions I put together after searching long and hard for new cabinets for my kitchen.1.Go online and look for kitchen cabinets. You can find the same cabinets you're your local store is offering, plus some custom manufacturers, RTA distributors, and you will able to get competitive prices. You will find that most of the cabinets are still expensive, but if you look for RTA cabinets, you are sure to find some good buys. If you don't know what an RTA cabinet is, it stands for Ready to Assemble. There is no need to worry, the ready to assemble literally means you will need a screw driver and that's it. All of the cabinets I bought came with one page of directions and I used my cordless drill, but it was not necessary, it was only to speed up the assembly.2.Be careful what sites you're going to online. Do some research before deciding to buy from one site versus the other. Many of the on-line sites are just retail stores buying from someone else. If you can, try to find the company that is importing the cabinets. There are a lot of cabinet sites out there, and some will try to confuse you by changing the name of the cabinet so that they can sell it as a higher end cabinet. Some will offer "free shipping". Don't believe it, it will be free shipping, but they will mark up the cabinets enough to make up for their shipping costs.3.Trust the quality of these cabinets. The good RTA sites import their cabinets from reliable sources that use all hardwood construction for the face frames and door, and they will use solid plywood for the sides. Most store cabinets consist of some part particleboard.4.Compare what you would spend at a super store; add in the inconvenience of driving to the store, and the price of gas. Now compare that to the convenience of having the cabinets delivered to your door. Yes there are shipping costs, but even after those costs, I still saved hundreds on the cabinets.5.Look at the options you have. When buying from a store, you will quickly find out that they carry very few of the cabinets. All others have to be "special ordered". With this special order comes a mark up for shipping and usually other charges as well. On the other hand, if you can find the RTA Cabinet sites that are importing their cabinets directly, they will carry all of the cabinets in stock. The importers can usually ship your cabinets in 3-5 days, not including transit times, so if you find a site that tells you 3-4 weeks they are probably just re-selling the cabinets.So go online and look up an RTA kitchen cabinet site. Be careful of the mark ups on some of these sites and don't be afraid to ask questions. Prices vary and some costs are hidden, but in the end you will save a good amount of money.
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